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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

The Influence of Health Care Reforms on Work-Related Attitudes and Anxieties of Primary Care Physicians

1
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir
2
Konak 21st Cimentepe Family Health Center, Izmir
3
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2011, 47(11), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina47110090
Received: 6 January 2011 / Accepted: 29 November 2011 / Published: 4 December 2011
Background and Objective. Reforming primary healthcare services has been the core agenda of health policies of the developing countries in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization. In Turkey, the Transformation in Health Project brings along many changes in all aspects of primary health care services, such as organization and financing of services and employment of healthcare workers. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of health care reforms on primary care physicians working in Izmir.
Material and Methods. A questionnaire and an anxiety scale were applied to a sample of primary care physicians in Izmir in 2007 and 2009. The questionnaire consisted of questions about demographic characteristics and expressions regarding the effect of reforms on physicians organized on a 7-point Likert scale. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was used as an anxiety scale.
Results. The mean scores given by physicians working in family health centers were significantly higher than those of physicians working in public institutions. The score for “My responsibilities are well defined” statement given by physicians working in family health centers decreased significantly in the second survey. The necessity of reforms in the health care system and primary care health services was more significantly favored by physicians working in family health centers. Persistent anxiety of physicians working in community health centers was significantly higher in both surveys.
Conclusions
. Our study showed that health reforms had a substantial impact on work-related attitudes and anxieties of primary care physicians, and this effect was maintained over time.
Keywords: primary care physician; health care reforms; anxiety primary care physician; health care reforms; anxiety
MDPI and ACS Style

Günvar, T.; Kartal, M.; Toksun, A.; Yemez, B.; Güldal, D. The Influence of Health Care Reforms on Work-Related Attitudes and Anxieties of Primary Care Physicians. Medicina 2011, 47, 90.

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