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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Body Composition of 9- and 10-Year-Old Children in Latvia

1
University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
2
Riga Stradins University, Latvia, 3Sports Medicine State Agency, Riga, Latvia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2011, 47(10), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina47100082
Received: 10 February 2011 / Accepted: 31 October 2011 / Published: 5 November 2011
Background and Objective. According to the data of epidemiologic research, the prevalence of both excessive and insufficient body weight is increasing in a pediatric population leading to the growing burden of health problems due to these changes. The aim of the study was to understand the current situation of physical development of 9- and 10-year-old boys and girls in Latvia and to estimate the prevalence of underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity among young adolescents.
Material and Methods
. During 2007–2009, a random sample of healthy 9-year-old (n=184) and 10-year-old (n=320) children from all regions and different socioeconomic groups of Latvia was surveyed in a cross-sectional study. The anthropometric measurements of height, weight, 3 circumferences, and 5 skinfolds were performed. The percentage of body fat was calculated by the equation of Slaughter et al. Body mass index and fat mass index were calculated for each respondent. Children were divided into groups according to these indexes. At the age of 9 years, 69.5% of boys had a normal nutritional level either by BMI or FMI, and 54.5% and 72.2% of the girls of the same age had a normal nutritional level by BMI and by FMI, respectively. Obesity according to BMI in 9-year-old boys was found to be 4.7% and in girls 6.1%; according to FMI, 3.7% and 2.3%, respectively. A similar trend was also observed in the cohort of 10-year-old children.
Conclusions
. The results of the research showed that the problem of high prevalence of Latvian children with underweight is not smaller than the problem of children with obesity. Evaluation of physical development in children based only body mass index may lead to overdiagnosis of obesity.
Keywords: 9- and 10-year-old children; body mass index; fat mass index 9- and 10-year-old children; body mass index; fat mass index
MDPI and ACS Style

Karklina, H.; Apinis, P.; Kalnina, L.; Sauka, M.; Mozgis, D.; Krumina, D.; Knipse, G. Analysis of Body Composition of 9- and 10-Year-Old Children in Latvia. Medicina 2011, 47, 82.

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