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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Constraints-controlled metastable dynamics of exercise-induced psychobiological adaptation

1
Faculty of Physical Education, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Skopje, Macedonia
2
Department of Kinesiology and Sports Medicine, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
3
Catalunya National Institute of Physical Education, University of Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2010, 46(7), 447; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina46070064
Received: 17 May 2010 / Accepted: 8 July 2010 / Published: 13 July 2010
A fundamental question in the theory of psychobiological adaptation and specifically of sports training is the problem of how adaptation to sports performance demands occurs as a consequence of systematic exercise. In this position paper, we review some results of our previous and current research conducted on several different levels of exercise-induced effects. Based on these results, we contend that the control of psychobiological systems during exercise is constraints based. Constraints direct the flow of behavioral changes on a rugged metastable landscape. Such adaptive behavior is soft-assembled, consisting of context-sensitive cooperative configurations of system components that dwell on different time scales.
Keywords: adaptation; exercise; fatigue; performance; metastability; bifurcation; constraints; soft-assembly; self-organization adaptation; exercise; fatigue; performance; metastability; bifurcation; constraints; soft-assembly; self-organization
MDPI and ACS Style

Hristovski, R.; Venskaitytė, E.; Vainoras, A.; Balagué, N.; Vazquez, P. Constraints-controlled metastable dynamics of exercise-induced psychobiological adaptation. Medicina 2010, 46, 447.

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