mTHPC-mediated photodynamic treatment of Lewis lung carcinoma in vitro and in vivo
Material and methods. LLC1 cell culture and male C57BL/6 mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma were used for the experiments. Photodynamic treatment was mediated by m-tetrakis-(3- hydroxyphenyl)-chlorin as a photosensitizer. Light emitting diode array was used for illumination. The effect of the photodynamic treatment was evaluated by comparison of viability of control and treated cells, growth of tumors, and survival of the control and treated mice.
Results. In vitro, a cytotoxic dose inducing a reduction in viability of LLC1 cells by 50% was achieved at 60 mJ/cm2 and approximately 400 ng/mL of the photosensitizer, or 30 mJ/cm2 and 600 ng/mL of mTHPC. Both the concentration of the photosensitizer and duration of light exposure were significant determinants of cytotoxic effect. In vivo, an injection of 0.25 mg/kg of mTHPC to mice bearing Lewis lung tumor and illumination at 120 J/cm2 taking place after 24 h significantly inhibited tumor growth and prolonged mice survival. However, the tumors regained their growth potential after 9 days.
Conclusions. Photodynamic treatment mediated by m-tetrakis-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-chlorin had a significant effect on LLC1 cells in vitro and growth of Lewis lung carcinoma in vivo.
Dabkevičienė, D.; Stankevičius, V.; Graželienė, G.; Markuckas, A.; Didžiapetrienė, J.; Kirvelienė, V. mTHPC-mediated photodynamic treatment of Lewis lung carcinoma in vitro and in vivo. Medicina 2010, 46, 345.
Dabkevičienė D, Stankevičius V, Graželienė G, Markuckas A, Didžiapetrienė J, Kirvelienė V. mTHPC-mediated photodynamic treatment of Lewis lung carcinoma in vitro and in vivo. Medicina. 2010; 46(5):345.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dabkevičienė, Daiva; Stankevičius, Vaidotas; Graželienė, Gražina; Markuckas, Arvydas; Didžiapetrienė, Janina; Kirvelienė, Vida. 2010. "mTHPC-mediated photodynamic treatment of Lewis lung carcinoma in vitro and in vivo." Medicina 46, no. 5: 345.