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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Delusions of persecution and poisoning in patients with schizophrenia: sociocultural and religious background

1
Institute of Psychophysiology and Rehabilitation, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
2
Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania
3
Department of Psychiatry, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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University Clinic of Psychiatry Vienna, High Security Hospital Gollersdorf, Austria
5
Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas
6
Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2010, 46(3), 185; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina46030026
Received: 20 February 2009 / Accepted: 5 March 2010 / Published: 10 March 2010
This article presents data on the phenomenology of delusions of persecution and poisoning in patients with schizophrenia and determines parallels between sociodemographic status and personal religiosity and this type of delusions. We have studied the content of delusions in patients with schizophrenia looking for persecution and poisoning themes using Fragebogen fuer psychotische Symptome (FPS). A total of 295 patients suffering from schizophrenia participated in this study; 74.7% reported delusions of persecution. The proportion of female patients (81.9%) who felt persecuted was almost one-third higher than the proportion of male patients (66.9%). The prevalence of delusions of persecution was lower in the group of persons for whom their faith was personally important (73.4%) than in the atheistic group (86.7%). Delusions of persecution and poisoning were strongly intercorrelated. Delusions of poisoning were reported by 57.8% of respondents: 54.8% by male and 60.6% by female patients. In multivariate analysis, delusions of persecution were more prevalent in women compared to men; in those with a chronic course of illness compared to those with periodic course; in those with small size of family compared to those with large family. The presence of delusions of being poisoned was related to older age of the patient, higher than secondary education, chronic course of schizophrenia, and younger parental age. Personal importance of the faith was not associated with prevalence of delusions of persecution and poisoning in patients with schizophrenia.
Keywords: schizophrenia; sociodemographic status; religiosity; delusions of persecution; delusions of poisoning; cultural psychiatry schizophrenia; sociodemographic status; religiosity; delusions of persecution; delusions of poisoning; cultural psychiatry
MDPI and ACS Style

Rudalevičienė, P.; Adomaitienė, V.; Stompe, T.; Narbekovas, A.; Meilius, K.; Raškauskienė, N.; Rudalevičius, J.; Bunevičius, R. Delusions of persecution and poisoning in patients with schizophrenia: sociocultural and religious background. Medicina 2010, 46, 185.

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