Next Article in Journal
Persirgusiųjų galvos smegenų insultu gyvenimo kokybės priklausomybė nuo socialinių ir demografinių veiksnių
Previous Article in Journal
Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of the treatment of chronic hepatitis B with peginterferon alfa-2a, interferon alfa, and lamivudine in Lithuania
Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Changes in health-related quality of life among patients with coronary artery disease: a 2-year follow-up

Institute of Psychophysiology and Rehabilitation, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2010, 46(12), 843; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina46120118
Received: 8 September 2009 / Accepted: 7 December 2010 / Published: 12 December 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in health-related quality of life in patients with coronary heart disease according to age, gender, and treatment method.
Material and methods
. The study enrolled 167 patients after acute myocardial infarction (MI), percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The mean age was 59.3 years; there were 71.9% of males. General health-related quality of life was measured using the SF-36 questionnaire. Patients were examined at the beginning of rehabilitation and after 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up. Effect sizes were computed to assess the changes in health-related quality of life over time.
Results
. Health-related quality of life significantly improved at 6 months, but improvements did not continue over time. The largest effect size was seen in the pain domain. Effect sizes were greater in the physical health domains among male patients and among female patients in the mental health domain. With regard to age, effect sizes were greater in the physical functioning domain among older patients. With regard to treatment method, at baseline, the CABG patients had the poorest healthrelated quality of life; however, the largest effect sizes were seen in this group.
Conclusions. Health-related quality of life improved over 2 years; the greatest improvement was seen at 6 months. Males better improved on the physical component summary domain; there was no significant improvement in the mental component summary domain in males and females. Older patients improved better on the physical activity and physical component summary domains. Changes in health-related quality of life were related to treatment method.
Keywords: health-related quality of life; coronary artery disease; longitudinal study; effect size health-related quality of life; coronary artery disease; longitudinal study; effect size
MDPI and ACS Style

Staniūtė, M.; Brožaitienė, J. Changes in health-related quality of life among patients with coronary artery disease: a 2-year follow-up. Medicina 2010, 46, 843.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop