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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Antibiotic prescription for the treatment of endodontic pathology: a survey among Lithuanian dentists

1
Department of Dental and Oral Pathology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
2
Centre of Clinical Odontology, Institute of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2010, 46(12), 806; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina46120113
Received: 12 April 2010 / Accepted: 7 December 2010 / Published: 12 December 2010
Objective. To describe a pattern of antibiotic prescription during root canal treatment procedures based on the reports of Lithuanian general dental practitioners.
Materials and methods
. Questionnaires concerning endodontic treatment were sent to all 2850 Lithuanian dental practitioners registered on the database of the Lithuanian Dental Chamber. Only the questions containing general information and individual decisions about antibiotic prescription for endodontic treatment were selected for the analysis.
Results
. The response rate was 53.8%. Of the 1532 responses, 1431 questionnaires received from licensed general dental practitioners were analyzed. More than 60% of the respondents reported prescribing antibiotics in cases of symptomatic apical periodontitis. Majority of the respondents (83.9%) reported symptomatic apical periodontitis with periostitis being a clear indication for the prescription of antibiotics. Nearly 2% of the respondents reported prescribing antibiotics in cases of symptomatic pulpitis. With an increasing duration of professional activity, an increase in the proportion of the respondents reporting prescription of antibiotics was observed. Amoxicillin was the most preferable antibiotic during endodontic treatment, followed by amoxicillin with clavulanic acid. An increase in reporting penicillin prescription and decline in prescribing amoxicillin and amoxicillin with clavulanic acid with regard to the increasing age of respondents was observed.
Conclusions
. Lithuanian dentists, particularly those with longer duration of professional activity, tended to exceed general recommendations for the antibiotics prescription in cases of endodontic infections. However, a trend toward prescription of broader spectrum antibiotics by younger dentists, compared with those with longer professional activity, was observed.
Keywords: antibiotic prescription; endodontic treatment; survey antibiotic prescription; endodontic treatment; survey
MDPI and ACS Style

Skučaitė, N.; Pečiulienė, V.; Manelienė, R.; Mačiulskienė, V. Antibiotic prescription for the treatment of endodontic pathology: a survey among Lithuanian dentists. Medicina 2010, 46, 806.

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