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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Demographic and social inequalities in need for orthodontic treatment among schoolchildren in Lithuania

1
Department of Orthodontics, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
2
Institute for Biomedical Research, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2010, 46(11), 767; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina46110108
Received: 16 April 2009 / Accepted: 5 November 2010 / Published: 10 November 2010
The present study, which focused on Lithuanian 11–15-year-old schoolchildren, was aimed to describe the frequency of orthodontic anomalies in terms of self-reported complaints about malposed teeth and malocclusion and self-reported use of orthodontic appliances (removable or braces) across different sociodemographic strata.
Material and methods.
The study population comprised 5632 schoolchildren surveyed in the 2005-2006 school year according to the WHO collaborative cross-national HBSC study in Lithuania.
Results. Almost half (47.5%) of schoolchildren reported orthodontic complaints. Therefore, only 15.8% of total population or 27.0% of schoolchildren who had orthodontic complaints reported wearing orthodontic appliances. Several municipalities of Lithuania with a high prevalence of orthodontic problems among schoolchildren were identified. Orthodontic problems were more prevalent among girls than boys. The prevalence of orthodontic complaints was not associated with social factors, while the use of orthodontic appliances was significantly related to social determinants. Children from rural areas were 2.44 times less likely of wearing orthodontic appliances than those living in cities, and children from families with low affluence were 2.33 times less likely of wearing orthodontic appliances than children from high-affluence families.
Conclusion. There is a considerable variation and high social inequalities in need of orthodontic treatment among schoolchildren across different municipalities in Lithuania.
Keywords: schoolchildren; survey; oral health; orthodontic anomalies; social factors; health inequalities schoolchildren; survey; oral health; orthodontic anomalies; social factors; health inequalities
MDPI and ACS Style

Kavaliauskienė, A.; Šidlauskas, A.; Zaborskis, A. Demographic and social inequalities in need for orthodontic treatment among schoolchildren in Lithuania. Medicina 2010, 46, 767.

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