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The scientific heritage of Professor Aron Gutman (Commemorating the 10th anniversary of Aron Gutman’s death)

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Laboratory of Neurophysiology, Institute for Biomedical Research
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Department of Physiology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2009, 45(9), 732; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina45090096
Received: 1 September 2009 / Accepted: 16 September 2009 / Published: 21 September 2009
Aron Gutman started his scientific research when he was a student of the Department of Physics and Mathematics, Vilnius University. At that time, he developed the theory of nonhomogenous vector relations between magnetic moments of electrons in an atom and applied it for explanation of energy spectrum of real atoms. Since 1960, he worked in Kaunas Medical Institute, and his main field of scientific interests was theoretical biophysics and electrophysiology of living tissues and cells. The earlier biophysical works of A. Gutman dealt with problems of the bioelectrical fields that underlie electroencephalogram, electrocorticogram, and electrocardiogram. The most important achievement was a theory of individual potential or postsynaptic field potential of synapses from individual axon (EEG quantum) and its role in shaping of electroencephalogram. In the later works (from 1971), he looked into properties and function of the individual nerve cells. He had created and developed the theory of nonlinear (bistable) dendrites and analyzed functional implications of such dendrites. In the last works, A. Gutman tried to relate the functioning of the nervous system at the cellular and system levels. He made efforts to find connection between the properties of individual neurones and principles (laws) of functioning of the nervous system. He had managed to relate dendritic bistability of neurones and Gelfand-Tsetlin principle of the functioning of the central nervous system (also known as the principle of minimal afferentiation). He explained some regularities in motor control by the dendritic bistability of motoneurones.
Keywords: nervous system; electroencephalogram; electrocardiogram; neuron; dendrites nervous system; electroencephalogram; electrocardiogram; neuron; dendrites
MDPI and ACS Style

Baginskas, A.; Svirskis, G.; Miliauskas, R. The scientific heritage of Professor Aron Gutman (Commemorating the 10th anniversary of Aron Gutman’s death). Medicina 2009, 45, 732.

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