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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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Medicina 2009, 45(9), 718; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina45090094

Associations between parental skills and their attitudes toward importance to develop good oral hygiene skills in their children

Department of Preventive Medicine, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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Received: 12 December 2007 / Accepted: 4 September 2009 / Published: 9 September 2009
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Abstract

Background. For many years, poor oral hygiene and frequent consumption of sugars is known as key behavioral risk factors for oral diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Parental attitudes toward children’s oral health could be associated with their own oral health skills. We aimed to analyze associations between parental skills and attitudes toward caries development and possibilities to control positive oral health behavior in their children.
Material and methods. A cross-sectional study involved 550 parents of 3- to 4-year-old children. A 40-item questionnaire was developed from the Theory of Planned Behavior, Health Belief Model and the Health Locus of Control model, and parental attitudes toward dental caries in their children were analyzed. Results. A total of 397 filled-in questionnaires were collected; the response rate was 72%. Parents with good own oral hygiene skills significantly more often understood the importance of brushing their children’s teeth (χ2=29.8; df=1; P<0.001). Study results highlighted also significant differences in importance to prevent tooth decay (χ2=3.1; df=1; P=0.051), importance to control sugar snacking (χ2=10.6; df=1; P=0.001), and parental perceived seriousness of tooth decay in children (χ2=9.2; df=1; P=0.002) comparing parents with poor and good oral hygiene skills. Differences in parental efficacy to control proper toothbrushing and parental efficacy to control sugar snacking in children were not significant comparing both groups.
Conclusions
. More than half (61%) of the parents have reported appropriate own oral hygiene skills. Parental attitudes toward children’s oral health were significantly associated with their own oral health behavior and understanding the importance of development of oral hygiene skills in their children.
Keywords: children; skills; oral hygiene; caries prevention children; skills; oral hygiene; caries prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Vanagas, G.; Milašauskienė, Ž.; Grabauskas, V.; Mickevičienė, A. Associations between parental skills and their attitudes toward importance to develop good oral hygiene skills in their children. Medicina 2009, 45, 718.

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