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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

inhibitor 2-[(4-methylphenyl)sulfonylcarbamido]-1-(4-nitrobenzyl)pyridinium bromide (2-AP27) is a muscarinic M2 receptor antagonist

Institute of Cardiology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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Medicina 2009, 45(7), 516; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina45070068
Received: 1 July 2008 / Accepted: 3 July 2009 / Published: 8 July 2009
Aminopyridines are known to inhibit acetylcholine-activated K+ current (IKACh) in cardiac myocytes. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of 2-aminopyridine sulfonylcarbamide derivative 2-AP27 on isoprenaline-stimulated L-type Ca2+ current (ICaL) and to identify whether 2-AP27 acts via blocking of muscarinic M2-receptors in frog cardiomyocytes. The whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique was used to record ICaL in enzymatically isolated cardiac myocytes. Isoprenaline (0.1 μM), an agonist of β12-adrenoreceptors, stimulated the ICaL up to 475±61% (n=4) (P<0.05) vs. control. Then, in the first series of experiments, carbachol (0.01 μM), an agonist of M2 muscarinic receptors, reduced the stimulatory effect of isoprenaline to 42±15% vs. isoprenaline alone. 2- AP27 (100 μM) alone completely abolished the inhibitory effect of carbachol on isoprenaline-stimulated ICaL, which recovered to 95±5.8% of the effect of isoprenaline. In the second series of experiments, adenosine (1 μM), an agonist of A1-adenosine receptors, reduced the stimulatory effect of isoprenaline on ICaL to 56±10% (n=3) (P<0.05). Then 2-AP27 (100 μM) applied in the presence of adenosine, had no effect on ICaL, which remained at 51±7.9% (n=3) (P<0.05) of the effect of isoprenaline. These results suggest that 2-AP27, a new derivative of 2-AP, containing 4-toluolsulfonylcarbamide instead of amino group and quaternizated nitrogen by 4-nitrobenzylbromide in pyridine ring, is acting as an antagonist of muscarinic M2 receptors in frog ventricular myocytes.
Keywords: myocardial cells; carbachol; adenosine; sulfonylcarbamide derivative of 2-aminopyridine 2-AP27, L-type Ca2+ current myocardial cells; carbachol; adenosine; sulfonylcarbamide derivative of 2-aminopyridine 2-AP27, L-type Ca2+ current
MDPI and ACS Style

Skeberdis, V.A.; Gendvilienė, V.; Zablockaitė, D.; Martišienė, I.; Stankevičius, A. inhibitor 2-[(4-methylphenyl)sulfonylcarbamido]-1-(4-nitrobenzyl)pyridinium bromide (2-AP27) is a muscarinic M2 receptor antagonist. Medicina 2009, 45, 516.

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