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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Surgical treatment of female pelvic organ prolapse at the Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine

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Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Kaunas University of University
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Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2009, 45(6), 440; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina45060057
Received: 12 December 2008 / Accepted: 4 June 2009 / Published: 9 June 2009
Objective. To compare surgical methods, complications, and outcomes in the treatment of female pelvic organ prolapse at the Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine, and to disclose the risk factors that influence female pelvic organ prolapse.
Material and methods. A retrospective analysis of surgeries for pelvic organ prolapse performed during the period of 2003–2007 was carried out. A total 823 women were operated on for pelvic organ prolapse.
Results. During 2003–2007, 823 surgical procedures for the correction of female pelvic organ prolapse were performed at the Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine. Eighty (9.7%) patients underwent vaginal hysterectomy; 372 (45.3%), vaginal plastic operations (out of them, 23 were combined with TVT and 47 with TVT-O procedure); 360 (43.7%), vaginal hysterectomy with vaginal plastic surgeries; and 11 (1.3%), Prolift operations. The mean age of females was 62 years. Mean blood loss during operations was 162.1 mL. Patients undergoing vaginal plastic operations lost significantly less blood than those undergoing vaginal hysterectomy or combined operations (P<0.05). Mean time in surgery was 60.3 min. The duration of Prolift operations and vaginal plastic operations was significantly shorter than that of vaginal hysterectomy or combined procedures (vaginal hysterectomy + vaginal plastic surgery) (P<0.05). Mean hospital stay was 8.1 days. Hospital stay after vaginal plastic operations was significantly shorter than after vaginal hysterectomy or combined operations. The shortest hospital stay was after Prolift operation (P<0.05). Complications were related to the type of operation performed.
Conclusions. The most common operations in the surgical treatment of female pelvic organ prolapse were vaginal plastic operations and combined operations. The shortest time in surgery and lowest blood loss was in case of vaginal plastic operations. The shortest hospital stay was after Prolift operations. The highest rate of complications was observed in patients who underwent vaginal hysterectomies, the lowest – after Prolift operations.
Keywords: female pelvic organ prolapse; vaginal hysterectomy; plastic vaginal surgery; TVT; TVT-O; Prolift operations female pelvic organ prolapse; vaginal hysterectomy; plastic vaginal surgery; TVT; TVT-O; Prolift operations
MDPI and ACS Style

Aniulienė, R.; Stankevičienė, A.; Kačerauskienė, J.; Aniulis, P.; Druktenytė, V. Surgical treatment of female pelvic organ prolapse at the Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine. Medicina 2009, 45, 440.

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