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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Characteristics of dental attendance among Lithuanian middle-aged university employees

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Department of Dental and Oral Pathology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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Institute of Dentistry, University of Helsinki, Finland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2009, 45(4), 312; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina45040040
Received: 11 September 2008 / Accepted: 3 April 2009 / Published: 8 April 2009
Objective. This study aimed to evaluate and describe the dental attendance patterns and to characterize the factors that encourage preventive dental visits among 35- to 44-year-old university employees in Lithuania.
Material and methods
. A questionnaire survey was conducted anonymously among the 35- to 44-year-old employees (n=862) of four universities in Lithuania in 2005. The response rate was 64% (n=553). Data on their most recent dental visit, habitual dental attendance, and self-reported dental health were collected. Gender, marital status, education, and income levels served as background factors. Of the respondents, 79% were women, and 82% held a university degree.
Results
. Of all the respondents, 75% reported having their most recent dental visit within the previous 12 months; 19% indicated a preventive check-up as the reason for it (15% – self-decided visit and 4% – dentist’s recall). The most common treatments received were fillings (75%), scaling and cleaning (28%), and endodontic treatment (22%). Analysis of the data about habitual dental attendance showed that preventive check-up as the main reason for attendance was more commonly reported by women (OR=1.7), among those who indicated having lost fewer teeth (OR=1.5), reported higher incomes (OR=1.4), and who indicated a shorter time interval since their most recent dental visit (OR=1.3).
Conclusion
. Dental problem seems to be a dominant reason for dental attendance in Lithuania where both dentists’ and patients’ behavior weakly reflects preventive orientation.
Keywords: dentist’s recall; habitual dental attendance; most recent dental visit; preventive check-up; self-reported number of teeth lost dentist’s recall; habitual dental attendance; most recent dental visit; preventive check-up; self-reported number of teeth lost
MDPI and ACS Style

Sakalauskienė, Ž.; Mačiulskienė, V.; Vehkalahti, M.M.; Kubilius, R.; Murtomaa, H. Characteristics of dental attendance among Lithuanian middle-aged university employees. Medicina 2009, 45, 312.

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