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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

The evaluation of knowledge and activities of primary health care professionals in promoting breast-feeding

Laboratory for Social Pediatrics, Institute for Biomedical Research
Department of Children’s Diseases, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2009, 45(3), 238;
Received: 20 January 2009 / Accepted: 6 March 2009 / Published: 11 March 2009
The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and activities of Kaunas primary health care center professionals in promoting breast-feeding.
Material and methods
. A total of 84 general practitioners and 52 nurses participated in the survey, which was carried out in Kaunas primary health care centers in 2006. Data were gathered from the anonymous questionnaire.
Results. Less than half of general practitioners (45.1%) and 65% of nurses were convinced that baby must be exclusively breast-fed until the age of 6 months, but only 21.6% of general practitioners and 27.5% of nurses knew that breast-feeding with complementary feeding should be continued until the age of 2 years and longer. Still 15.7% of general practitioners and 25% of nurses recommended pacifiers; 7.8% of general practitioners advised to breast-feed according to hours. Half of the health professionals recommended additional drinks between meals; onethird of them – to give complementary food for the babies before the age of 6 months. One-third (29.6%) of the health professionals surveyed recommended mothers to feed their babies more frequently in case the amount of breast milk decreased.
. The survey showed that knowledge of medical personnel in primary health care centers about the advantages of breast-feeding, prophylaxis of hypogalactia, and duration of breast-feeding was still insufficient.
Keywords: breast-feeding; breast milk; breast-feeding promotion; primary health care breast-feeding; breast milk; breast-feeding promotion; primary health care
MDPI and ACS Style

Levinienė, G.; Petrauskienė, A.; Tamulevičienė, E.; Kudzytė, J.; Labanauskas, L. The evaluation of knowledge and activities of primary health care professionals in promoting breast-feeding. Medicina 2009, 45, 238.

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