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Aortic root surgery: Early postoperative results of different surgical techniques

1
Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Surgery
2
Institute of Cardiology
3
Department of Cardiology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2009, 45(3), 197; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina45030026
Received: 23 February 2008 / Accepted: 5 March 2009 / Published: 10 March 2009
The aim of the study was to evaluate early postoperative results of different surgical techniques of aortic root surgery.
Material and methods. Between January 2004 and November 2007, a cohort of 83 patients underwent aortic root surgery in the Heart Center, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine. Patients were divided into three groups: Group 1 (18 patients) – reimplantation of the aortic valve within a vascular graft (David operation), Group 2 (48 patients) – replacement of the ascending aorta and aortic valve using a valved conduit (Bentall de Bono operation), and Group 3 (17 patients) – biological aortic root replacement. Study protocol included clinical data, operative data, and postoperative major adverse effects: reoperations for bleeding, stroke and lethal outcomes.
Results. Patients undergoing biological aortic root replacement were older as compared with other groups. The mean age in the Group 1 was 50.3±3.5 years vs. 57±2.0 years in the Group 2 and 67.8±3.3 years in the Group 3 (P<0.05). The main indication for the aortic root surgery was the aneurysm of the aortic root and ascending aorta in the Group 1 and 2 patients (64.7% and 72%), while in the Group 3, the main indication was fibrocalcinosis of aortic valve, aortic annulus, and ascending aorta (61.1%). The 30-day hospital mortality rates were as follows: 5.8% (n=1), in the Group 1; 10.4% (n=5), in the Group 2; 5.5% (n=1), in the Group 3. In the early postoperative period, 11 reoperations were performed due to bleeding events: in the Group 1, after planned/emergency surgery (n=2/2), and in the Group 2 (n=1/6), respectively. The function of aortic valve improved significantly in all groups of patients early after surgery. In the Group 1, the degree of aortic regurgitation decreased from 2.5±0.8 to 1.1±0.6 (P<0.05); in the Groups 2 and 3, the mean gradient through the aortic valve decreased from 39.9±7.5 to 17.1±5.3 mm Hg and from 48.8±18.0 to 20.1±11.0 mm Hg, respectively (P<0.05). No reoperation for aortic valve failure before the discharge was required in all groups of patients, and neither thromboembolic complications nor stroke events were noted in any group.
Conclusions
. Different aortic root surgery techniques showed similar postoperative results. New aortic root surgery methods such as aortic root-preserving/sparing procedures and concurrent aortic valve leaflet repair or aortic root replacement with the bioprosthesis can be selected for a diverse class of aortic root pathology with low perioperative mortality rates and good early postoperative results.
Keywords: aortic surgery; aortic valve; aortic root surgery aortic surgery; aortic valve; aortic root surgery
MDPI and ACS Style

Benetis, R.; Ereminienė, E.; Jakuška, P.; Karčiauskas, D.; Kinduris, Š.; Budrikis, A.; Siudikas, A.; Vaškelytė, J.J.; Sasnauskas, A.; Sakalauskas, J.; Vaičiulis, K. Aortic root surgery: Early postoperative results of different surgical techniques. Medicina 2009, 45, 197.

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