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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Image quality of 16-slice computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with complete left bundle branch block

1
Department of Radiology
2
Department of Cardiology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2009, 45(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina45010003
Received: 17 April 2008 / Accepted: 16 September 2008 / Published: 21 September 2008
Objective. Noninvasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease in patients with left bundle branch block is challenging. Multislice computed tomography can be useful in this population; however, quality of images depends on the patterns of myocardial contractions. We investigated the influence of left bundle branch block on image quality of multislice computed tomography coronary angiography.
Materials and methods
. Multislice computed tomography coronary angiography was performed in 30 patients with left bundle branch block and 30 patients without conduction disturbances. Image quality of each coronary segment was visually assessed and rated on a five-point scale (1=highest quality).
Results. Average image quality score in the best cardiac cycle phase did not differ significantly between groups (1.71±0.59 in the left bundle branch block group vs. 1.60±0.57 in the control group, P=0.46). In the left bundle branch block group, a significantly lower image quality score was observed in end-systolic cardiac phase (2.67±0.6 vs. 2.22±0.65 in the control group, P=0.007), whereas no difference was demonstrated in mid-diastolic phase (1.73±0.6 vs. 1.69±0.66 in the control group, P=0.81). After image assessment in multiple cardiac phases, an increase in image quality score was higher in the left bundle branch block than in the control group (0.2±0.17 vs. 0.11±0.14, P=0.003). A negative correlation was observed between image quality score and both the heart rate and heart rate variability in both groups (P<0.001).
Conclusion
. A nonsignificantly lower overall image quality of multislice computed tomography coronary angiography was demonstrated in the left bundle branch block group. In the presence of left bundle branch block, image quality in the end-systolic phase was significantly lower. Image assessment in multiple phases increased overall image quality and is therefore advisable in patients with left bundle branch block. Increased heart rate and heart rate variability worsened image quality in both groups.
Keywords: multislice computed tomography coronary angiography; left bundle branch block; image quality multislice computed tomography coronary angiography; left bundle branch block; image quality
MDPI and ACS Style

Jankauskas, A.; Zaveckienė, J.; Pundziūtė, G.; Šlapikas, R.; Basevičius, A.; Žaliūnas, R. Image quality of 16-slice computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with complete left bundle branch block. Medicina 2009, 45, 14.

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