Next Article in Journal
Mothers’ experience with their developmentally disordered children: Specificity of internal representations
Previous Article in Journal
Epidemiology of burns in Lithuania during 1991–2004
Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Distinctions of bipolar disorder symptoms in adolescence

Unit of Children’s and Adolescents’ Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2008, 44(7), 548; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina44070071
Received: 16 November 2006 / Accepted: 4 July 2008 / Published: 9 July 2008
Bipolar disorder in adolescents is a serious mental illness with problematic diagnosis that adversely affects social, academic, emotional, and family functioning. The objective of this study was to analyze features of premorbid and clinical symptoms, comorbidity, and course of bipolar disorder in adolescence. Data for analysis were collected from all case histories (N=6) of 14–18-year-old patients, hospitalized with diagnosis of bipolar disorder in theUnit of Children’s and Adolescents’ Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine, during the period from 2000 to 2005. Analysis of bipolar disorder course showed that five patients previously had been diagnosed with an episode of depression. The most frequent symptoms typical to bipolar disorder were disobedience and impulsive behavior, rapid changes of mood. The most common premorbid features were frequent changes of mood, being active in communication, hyperactive behavior. Adolescence-onset bipolar disorder was frequently comorbid with emotionally instable personality disorder, borderline type. Findings of the study confirm the notion that oppositional or impulsive behavior, rapid changes of mood without any reason, dysphoric mood and euphoric mood episodes with increased energy were cardinal symptoms of bipolar disorder with mania in adolescents. Most frequent premorbid features of these patients were quite similar to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder making differential diagnosis problematic.
Keywords: bipolar disorder; adolescents; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; comorbidity bipolar disorder; adolescents; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; comorbidity
MDPI and ACS Style

Gudienė, D.; Leskauskas, D.; Markevičiūtė, A.; Klimavičius, D.; Adomaitienė, V. Distinctions of bipolar disorder symptoms in adolescence. Medicina 2008, 44, 548.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop