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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Are religious delusions related to religiosity in schizophrenia?

Vilnius Mental Health Center, Lithuania
University Clinic of Psychiatry, High Security Hospital Gollersdorf, Vienna, Austria
Vytautas Magnus University
Institute of Psychophysiology and Rehabilitation, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2008, 44(7), 529;
Received: 5 February 2008 / Accepted: 12 June 2008 / Published: 17 June 2008
This article attempts to explore the phenomenology of religious delusions in patients suffering from schizophrenia and to determine parallels between personal religiosity and content of religious delusions. We have studied the content of delusions in patients with schizophrenia looking for religious themes using Fragebogen fur psychotische Symptome (FPS) – a semistructured questionnaire developed by the Cultural Psychiatry International research group in Vienna. A total of 295 patients suffering from schizophrenia participated in this study at Vilnius Mental Health Center in Lithuania, among whom 63.3% reported religious delusions. The most frequent content of religious delusion in women was their belief that they were saints and in men – that they imagined themselves as God. Univariate multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that four factors such asmarital status, birthplace, education, and subjective importance of religion were significantly related to the presence of religious delusions. However, multivariate analyses revealed that marital status (divorced/separated vs. marriedOR (odds ratio)=2.0; 95% CI, 1.1 to 3.5) and education (postsecondary education vs. no postsecondary education OR=2.3; 95% CI, 1.4 to 3.9), but not personal religiosity, were independent predictors of the religious delusions. We conclude that the religious content of delusions is not influenced by personal religiosity; it is rather related to marital status and education of schizophrenic patients.
Keywords: schizophrenia; religiosity; religious delusions; cultural psychiatry schizophrenia; religiosity; religious delusions; cultural psychiatry
MDPI and ACS Style

Rudalevičienė, P.; Stompe, T.; Narbekovas, A.; Raškauskienė, N.; Bunevičius, R. Are religious delusions related to religiosity in schizophrenia? Medicina 2008, 44, 529.

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