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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Genetically modified organisms: Do the benefits outweigh the risks?

by Kristina Hug 1,2
1
Department of Medical Ethics, Lund University, Sweden
2
Department of Health Management, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
Medicina 2008, 44(2), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina44020012
Received: 10 July 2007 / Accepted: 1 February 2008 / Published: 6 February 2008
The objective of this literature review is to analyze the implications of using genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as well as international and European position regarding such organisms.
Method.
Review of international and European legal requirements and ethical guidelines and relevant publications, found and accessed with the help of PubMed and Lund University Library databases.
Results.
The article discusses the main application areas of GMOs, the expansion of using GMOs in the world as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the implications of their usage. It further provides an overview of the suggested ways to tackle or avoid the GMO-related risks. The international and European positions regarding the application of GMOs are discussed and European Directives, Regulations, and ethical guidelines are overviewed. The article further presents the public attitudes towards GMOs in Europe as well as overviews surveys conducted at the national level.
Conclusion
. Suggested steps to tackle the challenge of developing and managing biotechnology for the benefit of public health and the environment are presented.
Keywords: genetically modified organisms; risks and benefits; international and European legal and ethical requirements genetically modified organisms; risks and benefits; international and European legal and ethical requirements
MDPI and ACS Style

Hug, K. Genetically modified organisms: Do the benefits outweigh the risks? Medicina 2008, 44, 87.

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