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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Risk factors of main cancer sites

Institute of Oncology
Faculty of Medicine, Clinic of Internal Medicine, General Practice and Oncology, Vilnius University, Lithuania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2008, 44(12), 989;
Received: 18 February 2008 / Accepted: 2 April 2008 / Published: 7 April 2008
Cancer prevention is a system of various measures devoted to avoid this disease. Primary cancer prevention means the identification, avoidance, or destruction of known risk factors. The main risk factors are smoking, diet, alcohol consumption, occupational factors, environmental pollution, electromagnetic radiation, infection, medicines, reproductive hormones, and lack of physical activity. Approximately onethird of cancers can be avoided by implementing various preventive measures. The aim of this article was to acquaint medical students, family doctors with risk factors of main cancer sites (lung, breast, colorectal, and prostate).
Keywords: cancer prevention; cancer risk factors cancer prevention; cancer risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Uleckienė, S.; Didžiapetrienė, J.; Griciūtė, L.L.; Urbelienė, J.; Kasiulevičius, V.; Šapoka, V. Risk factors of main cancer sites. Medicina 2008, 44, 989.

AMA Style

Uleckienė S, Didžiapetrienė J, Griciūtė LL, Urbelienė J, Kasiulevičius V, Šapoka V. Risk factors of main cancer sites. Medicina. 2008; 44(12):989.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Uleckienė, Saulė; Didžiapetrienė, Janina; Griciūtė, Liudvika L.; Urbelienė, Janina; Kasiulevičius, Vytautas; Šapoka, Virginijus. 2008. "Risk factors of main cancer sites" Medicina 44, no. 12: 989.

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