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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Acute toxicity of ibogaine and noribogaine

Department of Analytical and Toxicological Chemistry
Institute for Biomedical Research, Kaunas University of Medicine
Vokė Branch, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2008, 44(12), 984;
Received: 20 December 2007 / Accepted: 23 September 2008 / Published: 28 September 2008
Objective. To evaluate acute toxic effect of ibogaine and noribogaine on the survival of mice and determine median lethal doses of the substances mentioned.
Material and methods
. White laboratory mice were used for the experiments. Ibogaine and noribogaine were administered intragastrically to mice via a stomach tube. Control animals received the same volume of saline. The median lethal dose was calculated with the help of a standard formula.
To determine the median lethal dose of ibogaine, the doses of 100, 300, 400, and 500 mg/kg were administered intragastrically to mice. The survival time of mice after the drug administration was recorded, as well as the number of survived mice in each group. Upon administration of ibogaine at a dose of 500 mg/kg, all mice in this dose group died. Three out of four mice died in the group, which received 300 mg/kg of ibogaine. No mouse deaths were observed in the group, which received 100 mg/kg of ibogaine. The determined LD50 value of ibogaine equals to 263 mg/kg of body mass. In order to determine the median lethal dose of noribogaine, the doses of 300, 500, 700, and 900 mg/kg were administered to mice intragastrically. Noribogaine given at a dose of 500 mg/kg had no impact on the mouse survival. The increase of noribogaine dose to 700 mg/kg of mouse body mass led to the death of three out of four mice in the group. Upon administration of noribogaine at a dose of 900 mg/kg, all mice in this group died. The LD50 value of noribogaine in mice determined on the basis of the number of dead mice and the size of the doses used equals to 630 mg/kg of mouse body mass. The behavior of mice was observed upon administration of ibogaine or noribogaine. Low doses of ibogaine and noribogaine had no impact on the mouse behavior. External effects (convulsions, nervous behaviour, limb paralysis) were observed only when substances were administrated at higher doses.
. It has been determined that the median lethal dose of ibogaine and noribogaine equals to 263 mg and 630 mg/kg of mouse body mass, respectively. The toxicity of ibogaine is 2.4 times higher than that of noribogaine.
Keywords: ibogaine; noribogaine; median lethal dose; toxicity; mice ibogaine; noribogaine; median lethal dose; toxicity; mice
MDPI and ACS Style

Kubilienė, A.; Marksienė, R.; Kazlauskas, S.; Sadauskienė, I.; Ražukas, A.; Ivanov, L. Acute toxicity of ibogaine and noribogaine. Medicina 2008, 44, 984.

AMA Style

Kubilienė A, Marksienė R, Kazlauskas S, Sadauskienė I, Ražukas A, Ivanov L. Acute toxicity of ibogaine and noribogaine. Medicina. 2008; 44(12):984.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kubilienė, Asta; Marksienė, Rūta; Kazlauskas, Saulius; Sadauskienė, Ilona; Ražukas, Almantas; Ivanov, Leonid. 2008. "Acute toxicity of ibogaine and noribogaine" Medicina 44, no. 12: 984.

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