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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Socialization of athletes with disabilities in adapted physical activity

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Health and Sports Center, Vilnius University
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Department of Adapted Physical Activity, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education
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Department of Physiology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2008, 44(11), 877; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina44110111
Received: 26 March 2008 / Accepted: 27 June 2008 / Published: 2 July 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the impairment of the body functions on the participation of people with disabilities in sports activities.
Material and methods. The study was carried out in the institutions mostly attended by people with severe physical disabilities. The participants took a modified Kenny test and answered the questions of a questionnaire. The study sample consisted of 35 persons with severe physical disabilities.
Results. The findings of this study showed that people with disabilities who were not engaged in sports were of much worse opinion about their health condition (P=0.02) and they needed more help from family or friends (P=0.035) compared to the disabled who were not engaged in sports, but in the group of people with disabilities who were engaged in sports, the correlations of those indicators were statistically significant (r=0.59 and r=0.68, respectively). The main motivation of sports participation of people with disabilities (about 80%) was the need for communication and gaining independence. Health improvement was mentioned by less than half of people with disabilities (about 41%) engaged in sports.
Conclusions.
The syndrome of movement function impairment, duration of impairment, marital status, the age of persons with disabilities, and objectively determined impairment of biosocial self-service functions did not impact sports participation of people with disabilities. However, subjective sensation of pain and the need of medical aid, which did not match the objective functional impairments, could be the obstacle for people with disabilities to participate in sports.
Keywords: taxonomy; sports; disability; social activities; participation taxonomy; sports; disability; social activities; participation
MDPI and ACS Style

Samsonienė, L.; Adomaitienė, R.; Krivičiūtė, J.; Jankauskienė, K.; Jurkštienė, V.; Kėvelaitis, E. Socialization of athletes with disabilities in adapted physical activity. Medicina 2008, 44, 877.

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