Socialization of athletes with disabilities in adapted physical activity
Material and methods. The study was carried out in the institutions mostly attended by people with severe physical disabilities. The participants took a modified Kenny test and answered the questions of a questionnaire. The study sample consisted of 35 persons with severe physical disabilities.
Results. The findings of this study showed that people with disabilities who were not engaged in sports were of much worse opinion about their health condition (P=0.02) and they needed more help from family or friends (P=0.035) compared to the disabled who were not engaged in sports, but in the group of people with disabilities who were engaged in sports, the correlations of those indicators were statistically significant (r=0.59 and r=0.68, respectively). The main motivation of sports participation of people with disabilities (about 80%) was the need for communication and gaining independence. Health improvement was mentioned by less than half of people with disabilities (about 41%) engaged in sports.
Conclusions. The syndrome of movement function impairment, duration of impairment, marital status, the age of persons with disabilities, and objectively determined impairment of biosocial self-service functions did not impact sports participation of people with disabilities. However, subjective sensation of pain and the need of medical aid, which did not match the objective functional impairments, could be the obstacle for people with disabilities to participate in sports.
Samsonienė, L.; Adomaitienė, R.; Krivičiūtė, J.; Jankauskienė, K.; Jurkštienė, V.; Kėvelaitis, E. Socialization of athletes with disabilities in adapted physical activity. Medicina 2008, 44, 877.
Samsonienė L, Adomaitienė R, Krivičiūtė J, Jankauskienė K, Jurkštienė V, Kėvelaitis E. Socialization of athletes with disabilities in adapted physical activity. Medicina. 2008; 44(11):877.Chicago/Turabian Style
Samsonienė, Laimutė; Adomaitienė, Rūta; Krivičiūtė, Jurga; Jankauskienė, Konstancija; Jurkštienė, Vilma; Kėvelaitis, Egidijus. 2008. "Socialization of athletes with disabilities in adapted physical activity." Medicina 44, no. 11: 877.