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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Private or public dental care? Patients’ perception and experience in Lithuania

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Institute of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University
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Department of Health Management Kaunas University of Medicine
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Faculty of Law, Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2008, 44(10), 805; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina44100101
Received: 1 September 2008 / Accepted: 7 October 2008 / Published: 12 October 2008
Objective. To compare demographic and social groups of patients, their satisfaction with services in public and private dental institutions.
Material and methods
. A random sample of 3000 Lithuanian residents was selected; 1801 participants answered a postal questionnaire. The response rate was 60.0%. Univariate analysis, χ2 criterion, z-test, and multiple logistic regression were used to evaluate the association between institution type, demographic and social characteristics of the respondents.
Results
. Less than half of Lithuanian residents (41.2%) visited public dental institutions, 35.9% – private, 25.9% – both. They preferred private dental sector due to better quality of service, public – due to closeness to residence or being the treatment place of acquaintances. Patients visiting public institutions required cheaper treatment, while patients visiting private institutions – qualitative, though more expensive, using modern technologies. The number of dental visits in the past year was lower in public institutions than in private ones. The majority of patients treated in public, private, and both institutions were satisfied with dental services. The least satisfied were visiting both institutions. More respondents with secondary and lower education used public services as compared to those with higher education. Urban population visited public institutions more often than rural population. Respondents with a monthly income of less than 500 Lt for one family member used public dental services more often than those receiving a higher income. Older patients visited public dental institutions more often than younger ones.
Conclusions. More Lithuanian residents are treated in public dental institutions (up to 67.1%) than in private. Older, receiving lower income patients preferred public institutions. The majority of patients in public clinics as well as in private sector are satisfied with the service. Those who visited both types of institutions were least satisfied with dental services.
Keywords: dental care; public and private institutions; satisfaction with service dental care; public and private institutions; satisfaction with service
MDPI and ACS Style

Pūrienė, A.; Petrauskienė, J.; Balčiūnienė, I.; Janulytė, V.; Kutkauskienė, J.; Musteikytė, M. Private or public dental care? Patients’ perception and experience in Lithuania. Medicina 2008, 44, 805.

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