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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Relevance of examination and treatment of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in children in Lithuania during the last decade

1
Department of Children Diseases, Kaunas University of Medicine
2
Clinic of Children Diseases, Vilnius University Hospital
3
Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2008, 44(1), 72; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina44010011
Received: 7 June 2007 / Accepted: 20 November 2007 / Published: 25 November 2007
In the last decade, scientific studies in the field of children’s gastroenterology performed in Lithuania explored different problems: pathology of Helicobacter pylori infection and food allergy. Our studies Helirevealed that children with atopic dermatitis had gastrointestinal complaints (abdominal pain, diarrhea, distension and unstable stool, which appeared with the exacerbation of skin rash) more often as compared to nonallergic children of the control group. Abdominal pain in children with atopic dermatitis with local rash was more frequent and lasted longer than in control group children, whereas children with extended rash had stools more frequently. Gastrointestinal disorders in children with atopic dermatitis statistically significantly did not depend on the extent of skin rash and severity of atopic dermatitis. In our scientific research on the importance of H. pylori infection on children’s gastrointestinal system, children with chronic dyspepsia were examined. Endoscopy, rapid urease test, biopsies from antrum and corpus of stomach and their histological examination as well as serologic tests were done. According to the results obtained, we recommend to examine children with chronic dyspepsia in a complex way: not only endoscopic examination, but H. pylori diagnostic tests should be performed as well. Serologic test is not suitable for screening H. pylori infection in children. Considering this, we recommend to use no fewer than two different methods to diagnose this infection. The highest frequency of H. pylori infection was found in children with duodenal ulcer; histological changes in their gastric pylorus and corpus mucosa were greatest. More than half of children with nonulcer dyspepsia were infected with H. pylori. After eradication of H. pylori infection, the prevalence of dyspepsia in children with duodenal ulcer decreased.
Keywords: children; gastrointestinal disorders; atopic dermatitis; Helicobacter pylori infection children; gastrointestinal disorders; atopic dermatitis; Helicobacter pylori infection
MDPI and ACS Style

Labanauskas, L.; Kučinskienė, R.; Urbonas, V.; Rokaitė, R.; Libikaitė, N. Relevance of examination and treatment of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in children in Lithuania during the last decade. Medicina 2008, 44, 72.

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