Natural clearance of hepatitis C virus in hemophilia patients
Material and methods. From 61 hemophilic patients participating in this study, 38 were adults and 23 were pediatric patients younger than 18 years. To analyze association between HLA class II alleles and natural clearance of HCV, the gene frequency was compared in hemophilia patients group and the control group of 60 healthy subjects, all men. Serum HCV RNA was qualitatively determined and HLA class II alleles were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method.
Results. HCV infection is common among hemophilia patients in Latvia. Antibodies to HCV were found in 45 of 61 (74%) hemophilia patients. In 41% of hemophilia patients (18 of 44), HCV infection resolved spontaneously. Children cleared HCV more frequently than adults (7 of 11 comparing to 11 of 33, respectively; OR=3.50; P<0.05). The frequency difference was found to be statistically significant when comparing HLA alleles distribution in the sample of hemophilia patients who naturally cleared HCV (n=18) and in the control group (n=60) (corresponding frequency of HLA-DRB1*07 allele – 4 (11.11%) and 9 (1.67%); OR=7.38; P<0.05).
Conclusions. Natural clearance of HCV infection is frequently found in hemophilia patients in Latvia. Children are more likely to clear virus naturally than adults. There is an association between natural clearance of HCV and HLA allele DRB1*07 in hemophilia patients.
Simanis, R.; Lejniece, S.; Sochnevs, A.; Eglite, J.; Chernevska, G.; Kovalova, Z.; Gardovska, D.; Jeruma, A.; Kuse, V.; Viksna, L. Natural clearance of hepatitis C virus in hemophilia patients. Medicina 2008, 44, 15.
Simanis R, Lejniece S, Sochnevs A, Eglite J, Chernevska G, Kovalova Z, Gardovska D, Jeruma A, Kuse V, Viksna L. Natural clearance of hepatitis C virus in hemophilia patients. Medicina. 2008; 44(1):15.Chicago/Turabian Style
Simanis, Raimonds; Lejniece, Sandra; Sochnevs, Arturs; Eglite, Jelena; Chernevska, Gunta; Kovalova, Zhanna; Gardovska, Dace; Jeruma, Agita; Kuse, Velga; Viksna, Ludmila. 2008. "Natural clearance of hepatitis C virus in hemophilia patients." Medicina 44, no. 1: 15.