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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Severe open-globe eye injuries: socio-demographic aspects and risk factors

Department of Eye Diseases, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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Medicina 2007, 43(8), 637; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina43080082
Received: 28 May 2007 / Accepted: 9 August 2007 / Published: 14 August 2007
The aim of study. To evaluate sociodemographic aspects and risk factors of severe open-globe ocular injuries.
Material and methods. We present data from prospective study of 315 patients with severe open-globe ocular injuries, meeting inclusion criteria.
Results
. The patients in our series were predominantly male (92.70%). The male to female ratio was 12.7:1. Almost 27% of the patients were from the age group of 30–39 years. Home (53.65%), streets and highways (19.05%) were the most common place of injury, followed by industrial premises (11.11%), agricultural activities (8.25%), recreation and sports (5.40%); 15.56% of cases were work-related. Sharp objects (43.17%) and hammering on metal (24.44%) were the two major causes of injury. Alcohol intoxication was observed in 13.65% of cases. Severe open-globe eye injuries were classified into four categories: penetrating injuries (56.83%), perforating injuries (2.54%), globe ruptures (12.38 %), and IOFB injuries (28.25%). Males suffered significantly more often than females in the age of 20–29 (OR=1.39±95% CI 1.10–1.75, P<0.01) and 30–39-year (OR=1.75±95% PI 1.45–2.22, P<0.01). Risk factors of severe open-globe eye injuries for male gender were living in urban setting (P=0.001), alcohol use (P=0.001), occupation – unemployed (P=0.001) and retired persons (P=0.011).
Conclusions. Risk factors for male gender to sustain severe open-globe eye injury were living in urban setting, alcohol use, and occupation (unemployed and retired persons).
Keywords: eye trauma; ocular injury; open-globe ocular injury; risk factors eye trauma; ocular injury; open-globe ocular injury; risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Puodžiuvienė, E.; Paunksnis, A. Severe open-globe eye injuries: socio-demographic aspects and risk factors. Medicina 2007, 43, 637.

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