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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Models of intracranial aneurysms for angiographic imaging modalities. A technical note

National Center of Pathology
Department of Pathology, Forensic Medicine, and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University
Department of Tomographic Imaging, Santariškės Clinics of Vilnius University Hospital
Clinic of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Vilnius Emergency Hospital, Lithuania
Department of Neuroradiology, Henri Mondor Hospital, Paris, France
Department of Electronic Systems, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(7), 562;
Received: 18 January 2007 / Accepted: 28 June 2007 / Published: 3 July 2007
Objective. To delineate technical aspects of vascular models with intracranial aneurysm in vitro production, suitable for angiographic imaging.
Material and methods
. Wax (K2 exact, S-U-CERAMO-CAPS-WAX), Girtl’s mass, gelatin, and silicone (Silicone 10015 Den Braven, Elastosil 7683/25, Elite Double 32 Shore-A, Rema-Sil) were used for model production. Construction of models was based on T-shaped plastic tube connections and lost core techniques. Images of rotational angiography, glass tubes with aneurysm, and casts obtained in human specimen were used as samples of cerebral arteries.
. Technical aspects of vascular models production were delineated in experience of eight silicone models produced. M1 was hand made with basilar tip aneurysm; M2 was obtained according to angiography images with internal carotid artery supraclinoid part bifurcation to anterior and middle cerebral artery aneurysm. BM1 and BM2 casts were made using glass tubes with lateral aneurysm, M3 – from T-shaped plastic tubes with lateral aneurysms. M4, M5, and M6 were formed using casts obtained in human specimen with basilar tip aneurysm.
. Silicone of two components is practical for casts of cerebral arteries in human specimen production. Gelatinous solution 50°C diluted 1:1 with water can be used for copies of arterial casts production. Wax materials are unsuitable for making casts in a human specimen.
Keywords: vascular models; intracranial aneurysms; methodology vascular models; intracranial aneurysms; methodology
MDPI and ACS Style

Žurauskas, E.; Ušinskienė, J.; Gaigalaitė, V.; Blanc, R.; Ušinskas, A.; Laurinavičius, A. Models of intracranial aneurysms for angiographic imaging modalities. A technical note. Medicina 2007, 43, 562.

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