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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Diagnostics of laryngopharyngeal form of gastroesophageal reflux disease for adults (Lithuanian clinical practice guidelines)

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kaunas University of Medicine
2
Šiauliai Hospital
3
Department of Gastroenterology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(6), 508; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina43060064
Received: 16 March 2007 / Accepted: 7 June 2007 / Published: 12 June 2007
The laryngopharyngeal form of gastroesophageal disease represents one of the atypical manifestations of supraesophageal gastroesophageal reflux disease characterized by morphologic and functional changes in the larynx and pharynx with the associated clinical symptoms. The article presents diagnostic algorithm (guidelines) for laryngopharyngeal form of gastroesophageal disease, elaborated by the group of Lithuanian experts in otorhinolaryngology and gastroenterology. The guidelines are based on the data of evidence-based medicine and results of the scientific studies in Lithuania. Diagnostics of laryngopharyngeal form of gastroesophageal disease has to be based on: (1) patient’s complaints (permanent hoarseness, throat itching and clearing, cough, heartburn, “globus” sensation) for more than 3 months; (2) typical laryngoscopic findings (edema, erythema, roughness, hypertrophy of mucosa of the posterior glottis); (3) detection of reflux esophagitis as a subsequence of pathological gastroesophageal reflux; (4) assessment of relationship between reflux and morphological/functional changes. The guidelines are designed for the otorhinolaryngologists, gastroenterologists, and general practitioners.
Keywords: laryngopharyngeal form of gastroesophageal reflux disease; diagnostics; guidelines laryngopharyngeal form of gastroesophageal reflux disease; diagnostics; guidelines
MDPI and ACS Style

Pribuišienė, R.; Uloza, V.; Šiupšinskienė, N.; Butkus, E.; Kupčinskas, L. Diagnostics of laryngopharyngeal form of gastroesophageal reflux disease for adults (Lithuanian clinical practice guidelines). Medicina 2007, 43, 508.

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