Morbidity of textile industry workers in Kaunas
AbstractObjective. According to the Department of Statistics at the beginning of 2003, 551 textile industry and garment enterprises operated in Lithuania. The purpose of the study was to evaluate morbidity among workers in textile industry enterprises in Kaunas and analyze the data obtained in relation to sex, age, profession, and occupational health hazards.
Material and methods. A sick-leave-based case-control study was conducted in the units of four textile enterprises where 1842 workers were employed. Data were categorized in relation to sex, profession, and kind of sickness. Age was grouped in the following way: under 29 years, 30–39 years, 40–49 years, and over 50 years.
Results. In the period of survey, 1482 cases of sick leave were reported in the enterprises where 1842 workers were employed. The main cause of absence because of sickness was respiratory diseases – 37.3% (30.27 cases per 100 workers), nursing took the second place –17.0% (13.76 cases per 100 workers). Accidents and injuries made up 9.3% (7.5 cases per 100 workers), musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders – 7.9% (6.4 cases per 100 workers). Data were analyzed using statistical programs SPSS 97, Epi-Info 6.0.
Conclusions. Main morbidities reported included respiratory diseases (37.3%), nursing (17.0%), accidents and injuries (9.3%), musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders (7.9%). The incidence of morbidity among workers engaged in workplace where occupational risk factors exceeded hygienic standards was higher. The rate of morbidity also increased with age and sex; morbidity among women was 1.5 higher than among men.
Share & Cite This Article
Ustinavičienė, R.; Piešinė, L. Morbidity of textile industry workers in Kaunas. Medicina 2007, 43, 495.
Ustinavičienė R, Piešinė L. Morbidity of textile industry workers in Kaunas. Medicina. 2007; 43(6):495.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ustinavičienė, Rūta; Piešinė, Loreta. 2007. "Morbidity of textile industry workers in Kaunas." Medicina 43, no. 6: 495.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.