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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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Morbidity of textile industry workers in Kaunas

Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(6), 495; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina43060062
Received: 6 April 2006 / Accepted: 27 April 2007 / Published: 2 May 2007
PDF [190 KB, uploaded 3 July 2018]

Abstract

Objective. According to the Department of Statistics at the beginning of 2003, 551 textile industry and garment enterprises operated in Lithuania. The purpose of the study was to evaluate morbidity among workers in textile industry enterprises in Kaunas and analyze the data obtained in relation to sex, age, profession, and occupational health hazards.
Material and methods
. A sick-leave-based case-control study was conducted in the units of four textile enterprises where 1842 workers were employed. Data were categorized in relation to sex, profession, and kind of sickness. Age was grouped in the following way: under 29 years, 30–39 years, 40–49 years, and over 50 years.
Results
. In the period of survey, 1482 cases of sick leave were reported in the enterprises where 1842 workers were employed. The main cause of absence because of sickness was respiratory diseases – 37.3% (30.27 cases per 100 workers), nursing took the second place –17.0% (13.76 cases per 100 workers). Accidents and injuries made up 9.3% (7.5 cases per 100 workers), musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders – 7.9% (6.4 cases per 100 workers). Data were analyzed using statistical programs SPSS 97, Epi-Info 6.0.
Conclusions. Main morbidities reported included respiratory diseases (37.3%), nursing (17.0%), accidents and injuries (9.3%), musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders (7.9%). The incidence of morbidity among workers engaged in workplace where occupational risk factors exceeded hygienic standards was higher. The rate of morbidity also increased with age and sex; morbidity among women was 1.5 higher than among men.
Keywords: work environment; risk factor; morbidity of workers; textile industry work environment; risk factor; morbidity of workers; textile industry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ustinavičienė, R.; Piešinė, L. Morbidity of textile industry workers in Kaunas. Medicina 2007, 43, 495.

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