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Open AccessArticle

Muscle size satisfaction and predisposition for a health harmful practice in bodybuilders and recreational gymnasium users

1
Laboratory of Social Research in Physical Education and Sport
2
Department of Combat Sports, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(4), 338; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina43040042
Received: 12 April 2006 / Accepted: 14 March 2007 / Published: 19 March 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate muscle size satisfaction and predisposition to health harmful muscle gain practice in bodybuilders and recreational gymnasium users and to evaluate its relationship with sport mastery. The sample consisted of 132 men (51 bodybuilders and 81 recreational gymnasium users). The muscle size satisfaction and related variables were evaluated using a 23-item questionnaire (α=0.6, test-retest reliability 0.7). The difference between the actual and the desired girths of the widest site of the upper arm and the thigh was determined based on the subjects’ reported data. The study showed that the majority of the gymnasium users (61.2%) wanted to gain muscle mass, but the tendency was observed that muscle size dissatisfaction, preoccupation with body shape, obligatory motivation, and obsessive attitude towards exercising depended on the sport mastery – the lower mastery predicted higher values. Entering bodybuilding competitions was associated with a 3.2-time (95% CI 1.14–9) higher muscle size dissatisfaction and a 4.8-fold increase (95% CI 1.4–16) in reported predisposition for health harmful muscle gain practice; however, being a bodybuilder was associated with 5.7-time (95% CI 1.9–17) higher predisposition for a health harmful practice. In conclusion, bodybuilders have lower muscle size satisfaction and significantly higher predisposition to health harmful muscle gain practice as compared to recreational gymnasium users. Our findings service for understanding that competitive bodybuilders are not body image homogeneous group if their sport mastery is ignored.
Keywords: men; body image; muscle gain; bodybuilding; sport mastery men; body image; muscle gain; bodybuilding; sport mastery
MDPI and ACS Style

Jankauskienė, R.; Kardelis, K.; Pajaujienė, S. Muscle size satisfaction and predisposition for a health harmful practice in bodybuilders and recreational gymnasium users. Medicina 2007, 43, 338.

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