Next Article in Journal
Successful rescue therapy with mycophenolate mofetil in kidney transplantation improves the long-term graft survival
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of sensorimotor reactions during early rehabilitation for patients after cerebral stroke
Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemias in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Tartu
2
Children’s Clinic
3
United Laboratory, Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(12), 947; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina43120123
Received: 4 June 2007 / Accepted: 12 October 2007 / Published: 17 October 2007
Objective. To investigate the prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemia in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia.
Material and methods
. Every second child aged 9–12 months was randomly selected from primary medical centers in seven counties from all over Estonia. A questionnaire concerning eating habits and lifestyle was sent to their parents. Sixty-five percent (n=195) of contacted families agreed to participate in the study. Mean corpuscular volume and hemoglobin, serum ferritin, and soluble transferrin receptor levels were measured in 171 infants. Anemia was defined when hemoglobin level was lower than 105 g/L, and iron deficiency when ferritin level and mean corpuscular volume were lower than 12 µg/L and 74 fL, respectively.
Results
. The prevalence of iron deficiency was 14.0% and iron deficiency anemia 9.4%. Birthweight less than 3000 g was the main risk factor for iron deficiency (OR=9.4; P<0.0005). Infants fed with breast milk and solid food had lower ferritin concentration (18.5 µg/L, 95% CI 14.0–23.0) than infants fed with formula and solid food (32.8 µg/L, 95% CI 26.6–39) (P<0.005).
Conclusion. Iron deficiency anemia is common among 9–12-month-old Estonian infants. The main risk factor for iron deficiency was birthweight less than 3000 g.
Keywords: anemia; infant; iron deficiency; risk factors anemia; infant; iron deficiency; risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Vendt, N.; Grünberg, H.; Leedo, S.; Tillmann, V.; Talvik, T. Prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemias in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia. Medicina 2007, 43, 947.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop