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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Staphylococcus aureus prevalence among preschool- and school-aged pupils

1
Department of Microbiology
2
Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Orthopedics, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(11), 887; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina43110115
Received: 1 August 2007 / Accepted: 12 November 2007 / Published: 17 November 2007
Object. To determine the prevalence and incidence of Staphylococcus aureus strains among preschool- and school-aged pupils and susceptibility of these strains to antimicrobial materials.
Material and methods. A study of 243 preschool- and 300 school-aged pupils was conducted during 2003– 2004. Identification of Staphylococcus aureus was made with plasmacoagulase and DNase tests. The resistance of Staphylococcus aureus to antibiotics, b-lactamase activity, phagotypes, and phage groups were determined. The isolated Staphylococcus aureus strains were tested for resistance to methicillin by performing disc diffusion method using commercial discs (Oxoid) (methicillin 5 mg per disk and oxacillin 1 mg per disk).
Results
. A total of 292 (53.8%) Staphylococcus aureus strains were isolated and identified (113 (46.5%) from preschool- and 179 (59.7%) from school-aged pupils). The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus strains among preschool-aged pupils varied from 46.5% to 47%. It increased to 59.0% (P>0.05) among schoolchildren aged from 11 to 15 years and to 73.0% (P<0.001) among schoolchildren aged from 16 to 19 years. Six methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus strains were isolated: two (1.8%) of them were from preschool-aged and four (2.2%) from school-aged pupils. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus strains with b-lactamase activity increased from 70.7 to 76.6% in preschool-aged pupils, and it varied from 72.0 to 79.0% in school-aged pupils (P>0.05). Staphylococcus aureus strains of phage group II (32.2–43.4%) were prevailing; nontypable Staphylococcus aureus strains made up 19.2–33.6%.
Conclusions. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus among preschool-aged children is 41.7 to 48.8%, and it increases among 9th–12th-grade pupils (73.0%, P<0.001). Some Staphylococcus aureus strains (2.1%) were resistant to methicillin. Staphylococcus aureus strains of phage group II (39.0%, P<0.05) are most prevalent among preschool- and school-aged pupils. Pupils were colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains belonging to phage group III phagotype 83A and 77.
Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus; prevalence; antimicrobial susceptibility; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Staphylococcus aureus; prevalence; antimicrobial susceptibility; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MDPI and ACS Style

Pavilonytė, Ž.; Kačerauskienė, J.; Budrytė, B.; Keizeris, T.; Junevičius, J.; Pavilonis, A. Staphylococcus aureus prevalence among preschool- and school-aged pupils. Medicina 2007, 43, 887.

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