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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

The influence of various factors on results of subintimal angioplasty of superficial femoral artery occlusions

1
Department of Vascular Surgery, Clinic of Cardiac Surgery
2
Clinic of Radiology
3
Laboratory of Invasive Cardiology, Institute of Cardiology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(1), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina43010006
Received: 30 August 2006 / Accepted: 12 January 2007 / Published: 17 January 2007
Objective. To evaluate prospectively the impact of various factors on subintimal angioplasty of superficial femoral artery.
Patients and methods.
Within a period of 36 months, 44 patients with 45 chronic occlusions in superficial femoral artery were examined. The influence of sex, age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, chronic ischemia stage, occlusion length and calcification, flush occlusion of the superficial femoral artery, ischemic cardiac disease, postprocedural medical treatment was evaluated.
Results
. Arterial calcification had a significant impact on technical success of subintimal angioplasty (p=0.03). Sex, age, smoking, flush occlusion of the superficial femoral artery, and cardiac disease influenced technical and hemodynamic success (p=0.086–0.295). Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic ischemia stage, occlusion length, and postprocedural medical treatment did not significantly influence technical and hemodynamic success (p>0.05).
Conclusions
. Arterial calcification had a significant impact on technical success of subintimal angioplasty. Sex, age, smoking, flush occlusion of the superficial femoral artery, and ischemic cardiac disease influenced technical and hemodynamic success. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic ischemia stage, occlusion length, and postprocedural medical treatment had no statistically significant impact on technical and hemodynamic success.
Keywords: subintimal angioplasty; chronic occlusions; superficial femoral artery; technical success; hemodynamic success; risk factors subintimal angioplasty; chronic occlusions; superficial femoral artery; technical success; hemodynamic success; risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Aleksynas, N.; Kaupas, R.S. The influence of various factors on results of subintimal angioplasty of superficial femoral artery occlusions. Medicina 2007, 43, 43.

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