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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

The peculiarities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance to antibiotics and prevalence of serogroups

Department of Microbiology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(1), 36;
Received: 3 January 2006 / Accepted: 12 January 2007 / Published: 17 January 2007
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most common nonfermenting aerobic gramnegative microorganisms identified in clinical specimens of hospitalized patients. The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains is a growing concern in hospitalacquired infections. Typing of strains is important for identifying the sources of infection as well as prevention of cross-infections and monitoring of the efficacy of antimicrobial therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance and prevalence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroups isolated at Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital, Lithuania.
Material and methods
. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of piperacillin, cefoperazone, ceftazidime, cefotaxime, cefepime, imipenem, meropenem, gentamicin, amikacin, tobramycin, and ciprofloxacin for 609 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from various clinical specimens between November 2001 and November 2002 were determined by the microdilution method in Mueller–Hinton agar using interpretative guidelines of National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Serogroups of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains were identified using serums of Seiken Co. Ltd (Tokyo, Japan), containing antibodies against antigens of Pseudomonas aeruginosa O-group.
. Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains were the most sensitive to ceftazidime (78.9%), imipenem (73.6%), meropenem (70.9%) and the most resistant to gentamicin (54.1%) and ciprofloxacin (52.5%). Multidrug-resistant strains made up 9.85% of all Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains investigated. Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains were 1.5–3.5 times more resistant to antibiotics compared to non-multidrug-resistant strains, except to amikacin: multidrug-resistant strains were more sensitive (81.7%) than non-multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains (61.0%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroups O:E and O:B were the most common serogroups (34.7% and 29.0%, respectively) followed by serogroups O:I (11.4%) and O:A (10.1%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroup O:E strains were the most prevalent among multidrug-resistant strains (48.3%).
. The results of our study show that serogroup O:E was the most prevalent serogroup of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in our hospital, and its resistance to antibiotics was the highest.
Keywords: Pseudomonas aeruginosa; resistance; antibiotics; serogroups Pseudomonas aeruginosa; resistance; antibiotics; serogroups
MDPI and ACS Style

Gailienė, G.; Pavilonis, A.; Kareivienė, V. The peculiarities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance to antibiotics and prevalence of serogroups. Medicina 2007, 43, 36.

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