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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Changes in anthropometric and metabolic parameters in pregnancy and neonatal physical development during last decades

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Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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Department of Anatomy, Histology and Anthropology, Vilnius University
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Vilnius Maternity Hospital
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Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2007, 43(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina43010002
Received: 7 June 2006 / Accepted: 16 November 2006 / Published: 21 November 2006
Objective. To evaluate changes in anthropometric and biochemical parameters in pregnancy and their dynamics during last two decades and to determine the association between anthropometric and biochemical parameters, their influence on fetal and neonatal development.
Material and methods. In 1985–2005, anthropometric (height, body mass, weight gain during pregnancy, pelvic measurements, skinfold thicknesses, passive body mass) and biochemical (cholesterol, triglyceride, protein, and iron levels) parameters, their correlation, changes in pregnancy were examined; also the correlations between these parameters and neonatal body mass indices were evaluated. In 1986–1987, 383 pregnant women were examined, in 1998 – 130, and in 2003–2005 – 133.
Results
. During 20 years, the height of examined women increased on an average of 2.5 cm; they became thinner; body mass index decreased. The body composition became similar to “cylinder” shape due to decreased thickness of adipose tissue in the limbs. The dimensions of bony pelvis – external conjugate and bicristal diameters – decreased. Primiparous women became older (1995 – 22.5 years of age, 2004 – 27.6). At the beginning of investigation, the weight gain was on an average of 21.9% of body mass before pregnancy (13.3 kg) and at the end – 23.9% (14.2 kg). The values of anthropometric parameters vary in a consistent pattern during pregnancy: the lower body mass and body mass index at the beginning of pregnancy, the higher weight gain at the end of pregnancy. Blood serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and especially iron were decreased during the study.
Conclusions
. An inverse correlation between body mass index and lipid metabolism in pregnancy was revealed: the higher body mass index was at the beginning of pregnancy, the lower increase in lipid concentration was during pregnancy. At the beginning of investigation as well as after 20 years, women with low body mass index showed the most significant anthropometric and lipid metabolic changes in pregnancy.
Keywords: pregnancy; anthropometry; metabolism pregnancy; anthropometry; metabolism
MDPI and ACS Style

Drąsutienė, G.S.; Tutkuvienė, J.; Zakarevičienė, J.; Ramašauskaitė, D.; Kasilovskienė, Ž.; Laužikienė, D.; Drazdienė, N.; Barkus, A.; Arlauskienė, A.; Drąsutis, J. Changes in anthropometric and metabolic parameters in pregnancy and neonatal physical development during last decades. Medicina 2007, 43, 10.

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