Changes in anthropometric and metabolic parameters in pregnancy and neonatal physical development during last decades
Material and methods. In 1985–2005, anthropometric (height, body mass, weight gain during pregnancy, pelvic measurements, skinfold thicknesses, passive body mass) and biochemical (cholesterol, triglyceride, protein, and iron levels) parameters, their correlation, changes in pregnancy were examined; also the correlations between these parameters and neonatal body mass indices were evaluated. In 1986–1987, 383 pregnant women were examined, in 1998 – 130, and in 2003–2005 – 133.
Results. During 20 years, the height of examined women increased on an average of 2.5 cm; they became thinner; body mass index decreased. The body composition became similar to “cylinder” shape due to decreased thickness of adipose tissue in the limbs. The dimensions of bony pelvis – external conjugate and bicristal diameters – decreased. Primiparous women became older (1995 – 22.5 years of age, 2004 – 27.6). At the beginning of investigation, the weight gain was on an average of 21.9% of body mass before pregnancy (13.3 kg) and at the end – 23.9% (14.2 kg). The values of anthropometric parameters vary in a consistent pattern during pregnancy: the lower body mass and body mass index at the beginning of pregnancy, the higher weight gain at the end of pregnancy. Blood serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and especially iron were decreased during the study.
Conclusions. An inverse correlation between body mass index and lipid metabolism in pregnancy was revealed: the higher body mass index was at the beginning of pregnancy, the lower increase in lipid concentration was during pregnancy. At the beginning of investigation as well as after 20 years, women with low body mass index showed the most significant anthropometric and lipid metabolic changes in pregnancy.
Drąsutienė, G.S.; Tutkuvienė, J.; Zakarevičienė, J.; Ramašauskaitė, D.; Kasilovskienė, Ž.; Laužikienė, D.; Drazdienė, N.; Barkus, A.; Arlauskienė, A.; Drąsutis, J. Changes in anthropometric and metabolic parameters in pregnancy and neonatal physical development during last decades. Medicina 2007, 43, 10.
Drąsutienė GS, Tutkuvienė J, Zakarevičienė J, Ramašauskaitė D, Kasilovskienė Ž, Laužikienė D, Drazdienė N, Barkus A, Arlauskienė A, Drąsutis J. Changes in anthropometric and metabolic parameters in pregnancy and neonatal physical development during last decades. Medicina. 2007; 43(1):10.Chicago/Turabian Style
Drąsutienė, Gražina S.; Tutkuvienė, Janina; Zakarevičienė, Jolita; Ramašauskaitė, Diana; Kasilovskienė, Žaneta; Laužikienė, Dalia; Drazdienė, Nijolė; Barkus, Arūnas; Arlauskienė, Audronė; Drąsutis, Jonas. 2007. "Changes in anthropometric and metabolic parameters in pregnancy and neonatal physical development during last decades." Medicina 43, no. 1: 10.