Special Issue "Water Footprint: Usefulness of the Concept from Accounting Framework to Policy Response Options in Water Resources Management"
A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2010)
Dr. Ashok K. Chapagain
Science Director Water Footprint Network, Horst Building, room HR-W114, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Phone: +31 53489 1065
Interests: water and environmental resources management; water policy; sustainable consumption; agricultural water use; irrigation; resource use accounting (water footprint, carbon footprint and ecological footprint); water resources assessment; virtual water; globalisation of water resources
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
- Methodological issues
- Water Footprint of products: methods and case studies
- Water Footprint of a river basin: examples from river basins shared internally and internationally
- Water Footprint of a nation, group of countries or a region
- Water Footprint in relation to understanding the risk to businesses
- An alternative to inter-basin river transfer
- Water Footprint linking food and water security
- A lens to Climate Change impacts on water resources
- Trade offs and links between Water Footprint and Carbon Footprint
Water 2010, 2(3), 351-362; doi:10.3390/w2030351
Received: 9 June 2010; in revised form: 2 July 2010 / Accepted: 12 July 2010 / Published: 14 July 2010| Download PDF Full-text (516 KB)
Article: The Global Dimension of Water Governance: Why the River Basin Approach Is No Longer Sufficient and Why Cooperative Action at Global Level Is Needed
Water 2011, 3(1), 21-46; doi:10.3390/w3010021
Received: 8 November 2010; in revised form: 11 December 2010 / Accepted: 19 December 2010 / Published: 29 December 2010| Download PDF Full-text (248 KB)
Water 2011, 3(1), 47-63; doi:10.3390/w3010047
Received: 20 November 2010; in revised form: 22 November 2010 / Accepted: 25 December 2010 / Published: 30 December 2010| Download PDF Full-text (3531 KB)
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Review
Provisory Title: Impact of climate change on water resources and water footprint
Author: Velma I. Grover
Affiliation: Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Canada; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Provisory Abstract: The article will explore the impact of climate change on water cycle followed by a discussion on linkages of climate change on global water availability and its impact on environmental services, health and most importantly (for this article) on agriculture (and food security issues). The article will then look into use of the concept of water footprint on national policies on effective water management (holistic/integrated approach to manage impact of climate change and water shortages) including agricultural practices in terms of irrigation system, water losses, water productivity and selection of crops for regions.
Type of Paper: Article
Provisory Title: Comparing Water Footprints with their Carbon and Ecological Cousins
Author: Dennis Wichelns
Affiliation: Department of Agricultural Economics, California State University at Fresno, Fresno, CA, USA; E-Mail: email@example.com
Provisory Abstract: Many authors in recent years have developed empirical estimates of water footprints to illustrate the water used in the production and processing of selected goods and services. Many public agencies, private companies, and non-governmental organizations have adopted the water footprint approach to describing water use, both locally and regionally. Often the goal of discussing water footprints is to highlight opportunities for improving water use efficiency. Several authors have extended the literature regarding water footprints to include discussion of similarities and analogies with carbon and ecological footprints. Those constructs, while developed for somewhat similar purposes, actually describe somewhat different phenomena. In this paper, I describe the conceptual differences between water, carbon, and ecological footprints, with the goal of highlighting similarities and differences. Acknowledging the differences between these constructs will be helpful in ensuring that water footprint analysis is interpreted with due consideration for its appropriateness as well as its conceptual limitations.
Type of Paper: Article
Provisory Title: Water footprint in context: Some notes on risk, impacts and response
Authors: Brian Richter 1 and Stuart Orr 2
Affiliation: 1 Global Freshwater Program, The Nature Conservancy, Virginia, USA; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;
2 WWF International, Gland, Switzerland; E-Mail: email@example.com
Provisory Abstract: Refinement of the water footprint concept from national and global advocacy to watershed relevance is necessary for wider uptake of this concept as a measurement or risk tool. While there is continuous improvement of the volumetric aspect of the WF, the logical next step in its evolution is the grounding of the volumetric numbers into the context of its use, at the scale of local watersheds. The application of the WF concept within local watersheds requires an assessment of the particular physical (water quantity, water quality), ecological, and social impacts associated with WFs. Yet impacts assessment is an area of great debate among the water accounting community, with competing suggestions in interpretation, and differing opinions about appropriate ways to mitigate any purported impact of water use. This paper explores some of these debates and reflects on assumptions that are being made related to impacts, risks and responses from water footprint assessments. The hydrologic, social and political realities of the context of water use have implications not only for determining the right responses to mitigate risks and impacts, but also the potential application of the WF concept at the watershed level.
Type of Paper: Review
Provisory Title: Regional Development, ‘virtual water’ and the ‘water footprint’: review of the application of the concepts in agricultural production and agricultural products process industries
Authors: Athanasios Loukas, Stelios Gialis and Kalioppi Michailidou
Affiliation: Laboratory of Hydrology and Analysis of Aquatic Systems, University of Thessaly; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (A.L.)
Provisory Abstract: This paper underlines that, ‘virtual-water’ and ‘water-footprint’ can offer meaningful insights into current socio-economic inquiry on water scarcity and sustainable regional development. In fact, both concepts could offer for a re-theorization of the unequal character of the value production processes nowadays. The paper proposes that, although the consequences of this inequality has been widely discussed in terms of economic development and wealth distribution, little effort has been driven towards an interpretation of the interdependence between uneven regional development and stratified access to water on behalf of productive activities, firms and citizens. In this frame, the paper reviews the studies which focus on the virtual water embodied in the agricultural production processes, on one hand, and its consequences for regional development, on the other. In parallel, the study discusses the possible interrelationships between the virtual water of agricultural sector and the water footprint of that specific part of industrial production based on agricultural inputs. It highlights recent advances as well as inadequacies in research efforts which attempt to estimate virtual water and water footprint, often by using GIS techniques. Finally the paper offers some tentative conclusions on the wider meanings of virtual water and water footprint in relation to the unequal character of current socio-spatial development and water availability.
Title: Estimating Green Water Footprints in a Temperate Environment
Author: Tim Hess
Affiliation: Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedford, MK43 0AL, UK; E-Mail: email@example.com
Abstract: The “green” water footprint (GWF) of a product is often considered less important than the “blue” water footprint (BWF) as “green” water generally has a low, or even negligible, opportunity cost. However, when considering food, fibre and tree products, is not only a useful indicator of the total appropriation of a natural resource, but from a methodological perspective, blue water footprints are frequently estimated as the residual after green water is subtracted from total crop water use. In most published studies, green water use (ETgreen) has been estimated from the FAO CROPWAT model using the USDA method for effective rainfall. In this study, four methods for the estimation of the ETgreen of pasture were compared. Two were based on effective rainfall estimated from monthly rainfall and potential evapotranspiration, and two were based on a simulated water balance using long-term daily, or average monthly, weather data from 11 stations in England. The results show that the effective rainfall methods significantly underestimate the annual ETgreen in all cases, as they do not adequately account for the depletion of stored soil water during the summer. A simplified model, based on annual rainfall and reference evapotranspiration (ETo) has been tested and used to map the average annual ETgreen of pasture in England.
Keywords: CROPWAT, effective rainfall, England, green water footprint, pasture
Last update: 30 December 2010