Special Issue "Construction Materials Technologies"

A special issue of Technologies (ISSN 2227-7080). This special issue belongs to the section "Construction Technologies".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2017)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Frédéric C. Lebon

Mechanics and Acoustics Laboratory, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: contact mechanics; interface mechanics; computational mechanics; heterogeneous materials
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Raffaella Rizzoni

Department of Engineering University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: materials; solid mechanics; thin structures; contact; shape memory alloys; masonry

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Historically, wood, stone, clay, raw soil and terra-cotta are the traditional materials that have conditioned the way we design and construct buildings. Afterward, other materials requiring preparation and complex processes of transformation, such as lime or plaster, were used.  Every time we see the birth of new building materials, they are the results of progress made in chemistry and the science of materials. From the 1930s, the plastics processing industry has created new materials using chemical synthesis, the great adaptability of which has made them successful in numerous domains, including construction. The question, for the first time in their history, of the life cycle of these materials, their storage at end of life, and their recycling or their destruction, has been raised. Nowadays, the manufacturing of building materials is an established industry in many countries; a part of the current research work on materials aims at producing more efficient materials, at a lower energy costs and with lesser environmental impacts. On the other hand, a popular interest goes back to the original traditional materials. The present Special Issue aims to publish papers in the area of Materials Construction Technologies, with particular attention on the different technologies employed and the several possible applications they have. Analytical, numerical, and experimental knowledge and models are welcome to exploit the potential benefits offered by new technologies and to revisit ancient technologies.

Prof. Dr. Frédéric C. Lebon
Prof. Dr. Raffaella Rizzoni
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Technologies is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

•    Materials: Cement, concrete reinforcement, bricks, mortars, steel, polymers, glass fibers, recycled materials, etc.
•    Structures: Historical buildings, bridges, high-rise buildings, dams, etc.

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Feasibility Study of a Table Prototype Made of High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete
Technologies 2017, 5(3), 41; doi:10.3390/technologies5030041
Received: 13 June 2017 / Revised: 29 June 2017 / Accepted: 30 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
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Abstract
The challenging and innovative idea of realizing a table totally made of fiber-reinforced concrete is explored through an interdisciplinary research activity, where contributions coming from different fields (design, material science, experimental testing, numerical modeling) are combined. The paper describes the different phases of
[...] Read more.
The challenging and innovative idea of realizing a table totally made of fiber-reinforced concrete is explored through an interdisciplinary research activity, where contributions coming from different fields (design, material science, experimental testing, numerical modeling) are combined. The paper describes the different phases of the study, starting from the design of the table, moving through the development of a purpose-made high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete and the mechanical characterization via experimental testing, and concluding with numerical modeling. Numerical results are determined by implementing a damage plasticity constitutive model in a finite element code. The mechanical response of the table has been analyzed for different loading and boundary conditions, and an exhaustive and complete picture of the possible failure mechanisms has been drawn. Simulations have clearly described the different stress-softening processes of damage evolution and plastic strains localization, pointing out the vulnerable parts of the table. Finally, strategies for improving the table mechanical performances are discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Construction Materials Technologies)
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Open AccessArticle Railway Continuous Prestressed Concrete Bridge Design in Ballastless Track Turnout Zones
Technologies 2017, 5(2), 11; doi:10.3390/technologies5020011
Received: 31 December 2016 / Revised: 17 March 2017 / Accepted: 23 March 2017 / Published: 30 March 2017
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Abstract
Laying ballastless track on railway bridges has the advantages of reducing the train noise problem, improving passenger comfort, and reducing track maintenance costs. Therefore, railway bridges with ballastless track have gradually turned into a major trend in railway systems all over the world.
[...] Read more.
Laying ballastless track on railway bridges has the advantages of reducing the train noise problem, improving passenger comfort, and reducing track maintenance costs. Therefore, railway bridges with ballastless track have gradually turned into a major trend in railway systems all over the world. In Taiwan, railway bridges with ballastless track have been in use for many years, with ballastless track turnouts also starting to be constructed in recent years. Where railway bridges with ballastless track turnouts are located in urban areas, special consideration must be given to the road crossings and the use of continuous bridges in the turnout zones. Accordingly, there arise a number of difficulties related to the bridge configurations or the continuous length of bridges being excessively long. Often, such situations necessitate the use of extremely large-sized bridge piers in the bridge design, or create the risk of serious damage to the pier structure should insufficient attention be given to any of the factors. This article will take a continuous prestressed concrete bridge as an example. The prestressed concrete bridge must be absolutely continuous, be able to include ballastless track turnout zones, and meet the needs of crossing roads. For this example, the length of the continuous prestressed concrete bridge is over 300 m. This article will also discuss the configuration of a continuous prestressed concrete bridge of railway, and—through the analysis of track–bridge interaction and temperature detection—provides suggestions on the optimal configuration model of the continuous prestressed concrete bridges, which should allow improper configuration and possible structural damage to be avoided. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Construction Materials Technologies)
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