Special Issue "Nuclear Waste Management and Sustainability of Nuclear Systems"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2017
Prof. Dr. Michael I. Ojovan
Faculty of Engineering, Department of Materials, Imperial College London, UK
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +44 747 828 9098
Interests: materials science applied to nuclear waste management and Earth investigation (nuclear waste processing; metallic, glass, glass composite, ceramics and cements, long term performance)
Mr. Zoran Drace
European Union Project for Chernobyl, Ukraine (Director) and International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO), IAEA (Former Head)
Phone: +43 664 391 8231
Interests: sustainability of nuclear energy systems; nuclear waste predisposal management
Nuclear energy is clean, reliable, and competitive with its most important application in power generation, where it can gradually replace fossil fuels and avoid massive pollution of the environment. A useless byproduct, resulting from utilization of nuclear energy in both power generation and other useful applications, such as in medicine, industry, and research, is nuclear waste. To be sustainable in the long term, nuclear energy systems should avoid undue burdens on future generations caused by nuclear waste. This is achieved by reducing the generation of waste and by safe and effective management of radioactive legacy waste and of the waste unavoidable generated during utilization of nuclear energy.
This Special Issue aims to analyze the nuclear waste management activities pursuing to provide environmentally safe utilization of nuclear energy in a sustainable manner. It will focus on assessment of nuclear energy systems in regard of their long-term sustainability and adequate pre-disposal waste management activities aiming to provide environmental safe and sustainable development.
Papers selected for this Special Issue will be subject to a rigorous peer review procedure with the aim of their rapid and wide dissemination.
Prof. Dr. Michael I. Ojovan
Mr. Zoran Drace
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Nuclear waste management for sustainable development
- Nuclear waste from current and future uses of nuclear energy
- Sustainability evaluation of nuclear energy systems
- Methodology of sustainability assessment of nuclear energy systems
- Pre-disposal activities to address sustainable development
- Material aspects of sustainable development
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Author: Ser Gi Hong
Abstract: One of the biggest problems to be resolved in nuclear industries is to safely manage the spent fuels that have been accumulated from the operation of the current NPPs (Nuclear Power Plant). In particular, TRU (Transuranics) nuclides, in spite of their small contents in the spent fuel, are most problematic due to their high radiotoxicities and heat generations. In this paper, we designed and analyzed advanced sodium cooled fast reactor cores using uranium-free metallic fuels for maximizing burning rate of TRU nuclides that are contained in the PWR (Pressurized Water Reactor) spent fuel stocks. However, it has been well-known that a removal of fertile nuclides such as 238U from fuels in liquid metal cooled fast reactor leads to the degradation of the important safety parameters such as Doppler coefficient, coolant void worth, and delayed neutron fraction. To resolve the degradation of Doppler coefficient, two resonant nuclides (i.e., nickel and tungsten) are considered to be added into the uranium-free metallic fuels. The analysis results showed that the cores using uranium-free fuels loaded with nickel or tungsten instead of uranium have significantly lower burnup reactivity swing and more negative Doppler coefficients than the core using uranium-free fuels without resonant nuclides. In addition, we considered the use of axially central B4C absorber region and moderator rods in the fuel assemblies to further improve safety parameters such as sodium void worth, burnup reactivity swing, and the Doppler coefficient. The results of the analysis showed that the final design core can consume ~353 kg per year which corresponds to the amount of TRUs discharged from ~4 PWRs of the same thermal power and satisfy the self-controllability under unprotected accidents.