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Special Issue "Sustainable Tourism in Mountain Regions"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2017)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Riccardo Beltramo

NatRisk - Research Centre on Natural Risks in Mountain and Hilly Environments, University of Torino, 218 bis, Corso Unione Sovietica, 10134, Turin, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +39 011 670 57 18
Interests: sustainable tourism; tourism and territorial management systems; mountain tourism
Guest Editor
Prof. Pietro Beritelli

Institute for Systemic Management and Public Governance, University of St. Gallen, Dufourstrasse 40, 9000, St. Gallen, Switzerland
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +41 (71) 224 2525
Interests: destination marketing and management; mountain tourism; tourism planning
Guest Editor
Prof. Pierre Torrente

Institut Supérieur du Tourisme de l'Hôtellerie et de l'Alimentation, ISTHIA, CERTOP UMR 5044 CNRS University of Toulouse Jean Jaurés, Avenue Antonio machado 31058 Toulouse, France
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +33.684.592.712
Interests: sustainable tourism; tourism and territorial development; mountain tourism
Guest Editor
Prof. Gabriela Tigu

Department of Tourism and Geography, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Piata Romana 6, Sector1, 010374, Bucharest, Romania
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +40723 334 334
Interests: mountain tourism; sustainable tourism; ethics in tourism; destination management in tourism
Guest Editor
Dr. Stefano Duglio

Department of Management, University of Torino, 218 bis, Corso Unione Sovietica, 10134, Turin, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +39 011 670 57 16
Interests: sustainable tourism; mountain tourism; sport tourism; environmental management

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

With some 50 million more tourists travelling to international destinations in 2015—an increase of 4% compared to 2014—international tourism marked a new record of 1,184 million tourists (UNWTO, 2015). In this general context, despite some difficulties in evaluating the size of the tourist phenomenon, mountains undoubtedly represent an important tourist destination (UNEP, University of Genève and University of Bern, 2014), accounting for 15–20% of worldwide tourism.

If, on the one hand, these data confirm the importance of tourism in driving the economic development of mountain areas, on the other hand, it is also necessary to underline some critical aspects related to the environmental and social sustainability of tourist activities in mountain regions. Furthermore, mountain tourism itself is “threatened” by changes in the environment, especially as a result of the effects of climate change (CIPRA, 2011).

Based on these considerations, there is an on-going debate among scholars to achieve an in-depth understanding of the relationship between mountain tourism and sustainability, evaluating the environmental and social implications of tourism on local communities, and proposing “sustainable oriented” tools.

This Special Issue invites contributions that provide theoretical and methodological approaches as well as research results, applications and experiences on sustainable tourism in mountain regions, with a special focus on the European mountain areas of the Alps, Pyrenees and the Carpathian.

Papers selected for this Special Issue are subjected to a peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments and applications.

Prof. Riccardo Beltramo
Prof. Pietro Beritelli
Prof. Pierre Torrente
Prof. Gabriela Tigu
Dr. Stefano Duglio
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

References

  1. World Tourism Organization - UNWTO (2015). Annual Report, Madrid, Spain: UNWTO,.
  2. Debarbieux B.; Oiry Varacca M.; Rudaz G.; Maselli D.; Kohler T.; Jurek M. (eds.). (2014). Tourism in Mountain Regions: Hopes, Fears and Realities. Sustainable Mountain Development Series. Geneva, Switzerland: UNIGE, CDE, SDC.
  3. http://www.unep.org, last accessed on 15/06/2016
  4. Turismo nel cambiamento climatico. Una relazione specifica della CIPRA. CIPRA: Schaan, Liechtenstein, 2011. Available online: http://www.cipra.org/it/dossiers/20

Keywords

  • Mountain regions.
  • Sustainable tourism.
  • Local communities.
  • Hotel and Hospitality industry.
  • Ski industry.
  • Climate change and tourism.
  • Environmental management of tourist activities.
  • Eco-labels for mountain tourism.
  • Destination management issues in mountain tourism

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Difficulties and Challenges in Applying the European Tourism Indicators System (ETIS) for Sustainable Tourist Destinations: The Case of Braşov County in the Romanian Carpathians
Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1879; doi:10.3390/su9101879
Received: 3 August 2017 / Revised: 29 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 October 2017 / Published: 19 October 2017
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Abstract
Tourist destinations are increasingly coming across multiple social, economic, cultural, and environmental challenges corroborated with a great urgency for sustainable development. In this context, the European Commission has launched in 2013 a unitary system of indicators for sustainable management of tourism destinations, called
[...] Read more.
Tourist destinations are increasingly coming across multiple social, economic, cultural, and environmental challenges corroborated with a great urgency for sustainable development. In this context, the European Commission has launched in 2013 a unitary system of indicators for sustainable management of tourism destinations, called The European Tourism Indicators System (ETIS). More specifically, ETIS was configured initially with a total of 27 core indicators and 40 additional (optional) indicators. The purpose of this paper is to present the difficulties and challenges encountered in the application of ETIS, having as a case study, the county of Braşov, located almost entirely in the Romanian Carpathians. In this regard, a testing technique has been designed through an innovative Group Decision Support System (GDSS) that is applied to our destination. The results show that the selection of ETIS indicators is a flexible process that must be adequate with the particularities of each destination taking into account both the needs of the stakeholders, the information that is useful to them, and the existence and periodicity of the data available. Also, in some cases, when the available indicators are insufficient, additional indicators have to be introduced, and they must be subsequently adapted to the needs and specifics of the destination. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Tourism in Mountain Regions)
Open AccessArticle Capturing Tourists’ Preferences for the Management of Community-Based Ecotourism in a Forest Park
Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1673; doi:10.3390/su9091673
Received: 25 August 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 20 September 2017
PDF Full-text (1177 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
The development of community ecotourism will require the integration of experience, culture, and information for management decision-making. We use a choice experiment to build a community ecotourism preference model incorporating aspects of profound experience and economics in a forest park, test the tourists’
[...] Read more.
The development of community ecotourism will require the integration of experience, culture, and information for management decision-making. We use a choice experiment to build a community ecotourism preference model incorporating aspects of profound experience and economics in a forest park, test the tourists’ heterogeneity by using a random parameter logit model, and estimate the values of various community ecotourism programs. The empirical results reveal that: (1) Tourists’ preferences for community ecotourism will increase with the inclusion of a mini tour, experiential activities, and the opportunities to taste local dishes and stay at a distinctive bed & breakfast (B&B); (2) The variety of tourists’ social backgrounds and recreational experiences resulted in the heterogeneity of the attributes; (3) The best combinations regarding community ecotourism were a small group size, profound or in-depth experiences, and experiential activities in a forest park. This pilot study generates useful information by demonstrating possible community ecotourism programs in the forest park, along with suggestions for a quality improvement program. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Tourism in Mountain Regions)
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Open AccessArticle An Exploratory Assessment of Significant Tourism Sustainability Indicators for a Montane-Based Route in the Drakensberg Mountains
Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1202; doi:10.3390/su9071202
Received: 25 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 22 June 2017 / Published: 14 July 2017
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Abstract
This paper assesses the use the Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria (GSTC) indicators for monitoring tourism along a mountainous route. The study was carried out along a mountain route in the Drakensberg Mountains of South Africa. A survey was carried out among tourism businesses,
[...] Read more.
This paper assesses the use the Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria (GSTC) indicators for monitoring tourism along a mountainous route. The study was carried out along a mountain route in the Drakensberg Mountains of South Africa. A survey was carried out among tourism businesses, local communities and local government officials located along the Maluti Route, which passes though the eastern part of the Free State Province of South Africa. This study constitutes the first assessment in which the GSTC indicators are applied in the assessment of the sustainability of route tourism in South Africa. The study first evaluated the importance of each indicator by considering the level of application in tourism business organisations before examining the perceptions of local community members and local government officials regarding the applicability of the indicators in the assessment of tourism sustainability. The results suggest that there is a general appreciation of tourism sustainability among tourism business operators although shortcomings were evident on environmental and socio-economic indicators. In conclusion, the paper suggests ways through which tourism sustainability could be enhanced among different players along the Maluti Route. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Tourism in Mountain Regions)
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Open AccessArticle Sustainability and Mountain Tourism: The Millennial’s Perspective
Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1219; doi:10.3390/su9071219
Received: 20 June 2017 / Revised: 6 July 2017 / Accepted: 8 July 2017 / Published: 11 July 2017
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Abstract
Evidence from several studies illustrates the different points of view through which sustainability and mountains have been studied over the years. Nowadays, interest in Millennials is increasing but no research has compared Millennials and sustainability in the mountain context. This study aims at
[...] Read more.
Evidence from several studies illustrates the different points of view through which sustainability and mountains have been studied over the years. Nowadays, interest in Millennials is increasing but no research has compared Millennials and sustainability in the mountain context. This study aims at defining sustainability with reference to Millennial perception of both winter and summer mountain sports. By analysing data gathered from a sample of 2292 Millennials (Piedmont area), the authors confirm their high degree of sensitivity towards sustainable issues and, above all, discover that there are differences in the sustainable perception Millennials have of both mountain winter and summer sports. More specifically, Millennial perception is deeply influenced by the place where they are used to living―mountains or cities―and by their gender. From a managerial point of view, results have direct implications on the administrators of mountain institutions who can implement appropriate initiatives in order to correctly sensitise Millennials towards mountain sports. Moreover, from a theoretical perspective, the study opens a new scenario on two important topics linked to sustainability, namely Millennials and mountain sports. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Tourism in Mountain Regions)
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Open AccessArticle Estimating the Economic Impacts of a Small-Scale Sport Tourism Event: The Case of the Italo-Swiss Mountain Trail CollonTrek
Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 343; doi:10.3390/su9030343
Received: 12 January 2017 / Revised: 17 February 2017 / Accepted: 23 February 2017 / Published: 26 February 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (1179 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Evidence from several studies shows that small-scale sport events may have more positive repercussions for the host community than major ones in terms of both economic and social impacts. This study estimates the economic impacts on a small community derived from athletes’ expenditure
[...] Read more.
Evidence from several studies shows that small-scale sport events may have more positive repercussions for the host community than major ones in terms of both economic and social impacts. This study estimates the economic impacts on a small community derived from athletes’ expenditure at a specific small-scale sport tourism event, the Italo-Swiss mountain endurance trail CollonTrek. Even if this kind of event is considered a minor sport event, generating very limited economic activity, this study supports the hypothesis that the funds invested by the public administration are compensated for by revenue generated during the trail. In fact, according to the three analyzed scenarios (Conservative, Average and Liberal), for each euro invested by the public administration, an economic return between €17.62 and €18.92 has been estimated, and between €5.64 and €6.9 (32%–36.47%) represent the direct economic return for the local community. Furthermore, in addition to the direct economic benefits, in accordance with the feedback from a sample of participants at the event (n = 180), this kind of event has positive implications in terms of future tourism for the host valley, pointing out how this kind of tourist activities has positive repercussions in terms of economic and social sustainability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Tourism in Mountain Regions)
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Open AccessArticle Implementation of Sustainable Tourism in the German Alps: A Case Study
Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 226; doi:10.3390/su9020226
Received: 17 December 2016 / Revised: 22 January 2017 / Accepted: 1 February 2017 / Published: 8 February 2017
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (214 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
What are the processes behind efforts for more sustainable mountain destinations in the German Alps and what are the views of different tourism stakeholders on these processes? The research deals both with threats pushing the agenda of sustainable development (such as climate change
[...] Read more.
What are the processes behind efforts for more sustainable mountain destinations in the German Alps and what are the views of different tourism stakeholders on these processes? The research deals both with threats pushing the agenda of sustainable development (such as climate change and depletion of resources), indicators of sustainable tourism (to measure the scope of change), as well as cross-border cooperation and stakeholder engagement in the German Alps. The data was collected through 30 interviews with individuals dealing with tourism development and sustainable tourism development in the German Alps. The findings suggest that a holistic approach and collection and dissemination of data and knowledge on sustainability are the basis for developing sustainable mountain tourism. Implementation and monitoring should focus on specific flagship sustainable tourism products, as well as on a destination in a broader sense and the sustainable tourism market. Three themes emerged as important for implementation of sustainable tourism in the German Alps: indicators of sustainable tourism, cross-border cooperation and stakeholder engagement. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Tourism in Mountain Regions)

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