Special Issue "Sustainability in Electrical Engineering"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2015)
Prof. Dr. Nikos E. Mastorakis
Technical University of Sofia 8, Kliment Ohridski blvd, Sofia building 2, office 12504, tel 2394, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
Interests: multidimensional systems; computational methods for operation of electric railway systems; applied mathematics for environmental xenobiotic analysis; neural networks
Dr. Cornelia A. Bulucea
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Craiova, Craiova 200440, Romania
Interests: synchronous generators for electric power systems; generator circuit breakers; electric traction motors for electric railway vehicles; applied mathematics for pollutant analysis in electric power plants
The concepts of sustainability need to be addressed along with the understanding that sustainable development is not about certificates or awards, but instead it is about the vitality of life on Earth. Future needs for sustainable development are likely to include a change in human values through education, and an industrial metabolism shift through responsible practical actions. A sustainable industrial metabolism, integrating technical and ecological aspects is one of the greatest challenges of humanity within the present industrial world. In line with this idea, the performance of sustainable electrical processes, systems and devices should be addressed. Research articles focusing on sustainability in electrical engineering and related topics are welcome for this Special Issue.
Topics of Interest:
- Sustainability of Electric Power Systems
- Applied Mathematics for Energy and Environment
- Computational Methods in Electrical and Environmental Engineering
- Sustainable Electric Railway Systems
- Electric Equipment and Techniques for Industrial Waste Treatment
- Mathematical Models to Correlate Biomedicine and Electrical Engineering
- Strategic Management for Sustainability in Electrical Engineering
- Energy and Exergy Efficiency of Industrial Systems
- Renewable Energy Systems
Prof. Dr. Nikos E. Mastorakis
Dr. Cornelia A. Bulucea
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Bulucea, C.A.; Rosen, M.A.; Nicola, D.A.; Mastorakis, N.E. Synoptic Approach of Synchronous Generator on Disconnection Processes in Electric Power Systems Comprising Generator Circuit Breakers. Wseas Transactions Power Syst. 2014, 9, 219–231.
- Bulucea, C.A.; Rosen, M.A.; Nicola, D.A.; Mastorakis, N.E. Approaching the Processes in the Generator Circuit Breaker at Disconnection through Sustainability Concepts. Sustainability 2013, 5, 1161–1176.
- Bulucea, C.A.; Rosen, M.A.; Mastorakis, N.E.; Brindusa, C. Approaching Resonant Absorption of Environmental Xenobiotics Harmonic Oscillation by Linear Structures. Sustainability 2012, 4, 561–573.
- Bulucea, C.A.; Rosen, M.A.; Nicola, D.A.; Mastorakis, N.E. Utilizing the Exergy Concept to Address Environmental Challenges of Electric Systmes. Entropy 2012, 14, 1894–1914.
- Bulucea, C.A.; Nicola, D.A.; Mastorakis, N.E.; Cismaru, D.C. Three-Phase Transformer Dynamic Regimes Modelling as Targeted Approach in Industrial Ecology. In Proceedings of the 5th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, 23–25 February 2010; pp. 234–241.
- Rosen, M.A.; Bulucea, C.A. Using Exergy to Understand and Improve the Efficiency of Electrical power Technologies. Entropy 2009, 11, 820–835.
- Mastorakis, N.E.; Bulucea, C.A.; Nicola, D.A. Modeling of Three-phase Induction Motors in Dynamic Regimes According to an Ecosystem Pattern. In Proceedings of the 13th WSEAS International Conference on Systems (CSCC’09), Rodos (Rhodes) Island, Greece, 22–24 July 2009; pp. 338–346
- Rosen, M.A.; Bulucea, C.A. Assessing Electrical Systems via Exergy: a Dualist View Incorporating Technical and Environmental Dimensions. In Proceedings of the 6th WSEAS International Conference on Engineering Education (EE’09), Rodos (Rhodes) Island, Greece, 22–24 July 2009; pp.116–123.
- Mastorakis, N.E.; Bulucea, C.A.; Nicola, D.A. Assessment of Thre-phase Induction Motors Dynamic Regims Following Ecosystem Patterns. Wseas Transactions Circuits Syst. 2009, 8, 651–661.
- Bulucea C.A; Nicola, D.A.; Manolea, G.; Brandusa, C.; Cismaru. D. Sustainability Concepts in Environmental and Engineering Education. Wseas Transactions Adv. Eng. Educ. 2008, 5, 447–458.
- Bulucea, C.A.; Nicola, D.A.; Brandusa, C.; Cismaru, D. Energy and Exergy Efficiencies in Urban Electric Transportation Systems. Wseas Transactions Environ. Dev. 2008, 4, 247–259.
- Bulucea, C.A.; Brandusa, C. Experimental Characterization of Environmental Impacts from Underground Electric Metro in Braking Regime. In Proceedings of the 7th WSEAS/IASME International Conference on ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS, HIGH VOLTAGES, ELECTRIC MACHINES (POWER’07), Venice, Italy, 21–23 November 2007; pp.254–255.
- electric systems
- energy efficiency
- environmental stewardship
- mathematical models
- sustainable development
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Sustainable Development from Renewable Energy and Policy Changes in China: A Mathematic Programming Approach
Author: Chih-Chun Kung 1, Meng-Shiuh Chang 2
Affiliation: 1 Institute of Poyang Lake Eco-economics, Jiangxi University of Finance & Economics, Nanchang 330032, China
2 School of Public Finance and Taxation, Southwestern University of Finance & Economics, Chengdu 611130, China
Abstract: The study aims to evaluate and explore the potential approach of sustainable development in Poyang Lake Eco-economic Zone, China, especially in energy sector. Conventional and advanced techniques of renewable energy are modeled based on a price endogenous and partial equilibrium mathematical programming model that incorporates most of regional agricultural and forestry commodities. Local policies affecting the production and application of the renewable energy are also accommodated into the model. Economic factors such as input collection and processing costs, input/output transportation costs, and greenhouse gases trade prices are simulated under various levels to evaluate how economic components influence the sustainable development in renewable sector.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Lithium—Ion Batteries—Evaluation of Battery Performances
Author: N. Omar1, Y. Firouz1, H. Gualous2, Jean-Marc Timmermans1, P. Van den Bossche1, Th. Coosemans1, J. Van Mierlo1
Affiliation: 1 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Cherbourg-Octeville, France
Abstract: Motor vehicles powered by the internal combustion engine (ICE) are significant contributors to air pollutants and greenhouse gases linked to global climate change. Rising petroleum prices and environmental concerns have spurred the development of various types of clean energy transportation systems such as Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs), Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs). In urban traffic, due to their beneficial effect on environment, electrically propelled vehicles are an important factor for improvement of traffic and more particularly for a healthier living environment. PHEVs are particularly interesting, combining electrical and ICE drive and providing the user both a considerable pure electrical range and an extended range with the ICE. Low weight and volume and satisfying range, accelerating power and viable cycle life however are crucial requirements for the energy storage system, where only very few current battery technologies meeting these often concurrent objectives. In the proposed article, an extended benchmarking study has been carried out regarding the evolution of the electrical parameters of different commercial lithium-ion battery brands and chemistries. The investigated parameters are the energy density, power density, charge rate performances, discharge rate capabilities and energy efficiency at different operating conditions. Then, based on the hybrid pulse power characterization test, the parameters of the FreedomCar battery model during cycle life have been determined and evaluated. Based on the proposed study, the FreedomCar battery model has been optimized. The mentioned optimized model is able to predict the evolution of the varying parameters, which further can be related to the state of health of a battery. In addition, the proposed study will allow optimizing the battery materials from the changing model parameters.
Type of paper: Article
Title: Controllable Power Flow for Sustainable Railway Systems
Author: Morris Brenna, Federica Foiadelli, Dario Zaninelli
Affiliation:Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano
Abstract: The idea proposed for the paper is an innovative electric conversion substations (ESS) based on the application of AC/DC switching converters using IGBT semiconductors with PWM modulation, instead of traditional diode bridge. The main advantages of this solution are the bidirectional power flow, the possibility to regulate the output DC voltage and the AC input power and the lower harmonic content due to the PWM modulation. This converter typology has been applied yet in heavy rail systems for example to generate single-phase voltage at special frequency (16.7 Hz in Europe, 25 Hz in USA) starting from three-phase 50-60 Hz industrial network. The idea to use these converters to supply traditional 3 kVDC railway network, allows to exploit the regenerative braking of the modern locomotives and passenger trains and therefore recovering this energy that is currently dissipated. This solution could be applied to traditional railway networks and also to subway and tramway applications, making the electric railway systems really sustainable.
Type of paper: Article
Title: Assessment of Battery Thermal Management Designs Based on Liquid Cooling Method
Author: Ahmadou Samba 1,2, Noshin Omar 1, Jean Marc Timmermans 1, Hamid Gualous 2, Odile Capron 1, Peter Van den Bossche 1, Joeri Van Mierlo 1
Affiliation: 1 MOBI, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, Brussel, 1050, Belgium
2 LUSAC, Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Rue Louis Aragon, 50130 Cherbourg, France
Abstract: Advanced research on rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries has allowed for large format and high-energy batteries to be largely used in Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs). For transportation applications, beside limitations of driving range, long charging time is still considered as an important barrier for a wide use of BEVs. The increase of the charging current amplitude may however subject the battery to stressful situations and can significantly increase the temperature of the battery. These phenomena reduce the battery’s lifetime and performances and in worst-case scenario thermal runaway can occur. To avoid this, there is a need for an optimized thermal management in order to keep the battery in a safe and beneficial range of operating conditions. In this paper, advanced numerical models for battery thermal management system (BTMS) using liquid cooling system, have been developed. Cold plates with mini-channel are designed to cool a battery module consisting of 10 cells (45Ah LiFePO4 pouch format). A one-dimensional electrochemical model coupled with a three-dimensional lumped thermal model is used to describe the battery behaviour, and a one–dimensional non-isothermal flow model is coupled with a three-dimensional thermal model, using FEM, in order to estimate the dissipated heat from the battery module. After battery model validation, the performances of the battery module with different cold plate locations are investigated and compared in order to select the most suitable and efficient cooling arrangement. This allows to decrease the temperature rise of the battery module and to obtain a more uniform temperature distribution over the surfaces of the individual battery cells of the module. Finally, starting from the obtained best cooling architecture, the influence of liquid inlet (temperature and flow rate), current rate, initial temperature and electrical vehicle load profile are also analysed and discussed.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Lithium-ion Batteries—Thermal Investigation of a Staggered Battery Module Operating under Unbalanced Conditions
Authors:Odile Capron 1,*, Ahmadou Samba 1,2, Noshin Omar 1, Thierry Coosemans 1, Peter Van den Bossche 1, Joeri Van Mierlo 1
Affiliation: 1 MOBI-Mobility, logistics and Automotive Technology Research Centre, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Elsene, Belgium; E-Mail: email@example.com; Tel. +322 629 33 96; Fax. +322 629 36 20
2 Laboratoire LUSAC, Université de Caen Basse Normandie, 50130 Cherbourg-Octeville, France
Abstract: A good cooling inside a battery module is important to avoid safety issues and avoid the development of too large internal temperature gradients. In this paper, the temperature distribution inside a staggered type of module made of large cylindrical lithium iron phosphate cells (of 18Ah nominal capacity) is analysed during a 90A constant discharge current. For the study of the pack under unbalanced operating conditions, several cells were initially assigned to 5% and 20% Depth of Discharge (DoD) difference compared to the others cells in the pack taken as reference. The analysis of the temperature distributions inside the module is based on the results obtained with a two-dimensional modelling approach. The simulations results highlight the influence of the initial DoD difference of the cells on their thermal behaviour. For both high and low pack temperatures, the internal and the surface regions of the cells with an initial DoD difference show higher and faster temperature increases in time compared to the rest of the cells. The simulations results also emphasize the need for a sufficient initial air velocity to ensure an improved ambient temperature uniformity along the complete length of the pack.
Keywords: cylindrical cells; lithium iron phosphate; unbalanced module; temperature distribution; twodimensional modelling.