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Special Issue "Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainability of Culture and Heritage".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2017)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Peter M. Burns

Institute for Tourism Research, University of Bedfordshire, University Square, Luton LU1 3JU, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: sustainable tourism planning; community-driven tourism; tourism’s role in conservation; tourism’s role in human-wildlife conflict; climate change and tourism

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Tourism and planning sometimes make for an uncomfortable partnership. On the one hand are the demands of developers and tourism businesses for growth and development, whilst, on the other, community and third sector (NGOs/CSOs) might be fearful of socio-cultural and environmental damage in the rush for success. This tension between so-called stakeholder groups is heightened when taking direct account of planning for tourism in the context of sustainability.

Research into the tourism-planning-sustainability nexus may focus on a number of global, regional, and local issues. For example, how can bridges be built effectively between the conflicting views of stakeholders? What counts as successful planning? What theoretical advances have been made in planning that takes account of flexible, digital societies? How do marginalised groups such as those on the economic and social periphery of mainstream society fare when big changes are brought about? Tourism already impacts on human society, physical and social infrastructure, and the natural environment. However, further impacts from, and to tourism are a certainty in the light of changing environmental and socio-economic conditions. These conditions may include the role of tourism planning in conservation and, in relation to climate change, how can community-driven tourism help in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD and REDD+, in UN terminology).

This Special Issue aims to discuss various ways in which tourism may bring about positive changes to communities, ecological systems, and/or infrastructures from theoretical and/or planning perspectives. We invite you to contribute to this Special Issue by submitting systematic literature reviews, case studies, research articles, field reports from NGOs/CSOs directly engaging communities in planning, and research notes that focus on the interaction between planning, sustainability, conservation, and tourism. Papers selected for this Special Issue are subject to a rigorous peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications. Applications from early career researchers are particularly welcome.

Prof. Dr. Peter M. Burns
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • sustainable tourism planning
  • community-led development
  • tourism development
  • sustainable tourism
  • tourism’s role in REDD
  • tourism and conservation
  • tourism and ecosystems
  • sustainable tourism and smart cities

Published Papers (8 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Spatial Configuration and Online Attention: A Space Syntax Perspective
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 221; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010221
Received: 11 December 2017 / Revised: 7 January 2018 / Accepted: 12 January 2018 / Published: 17 January 2018
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Abstract
The spatial behavior of tourists is an important part of the research on congestion management and sustainable planning of tourism destinations. Combined with user-generated content (UGC) and site-based survey data, this study conducted an overlaying analysis between street network configurations that resulted from
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The spatial behavior of tourists is an important part of the research on congestion management and sustainable planning of tourism destinations. Combined with user-generated content (UGC) and site-based survey data, this study conducted an overlaying analysis between street network configurations that resulted from space syntax and tourist preferences. Based on space syntax, tourist movement is influenced by the distribution of scenic spots and the structure of tourist trails in scenic mountain areas. The results reveal that the distribution of scenic spots has a significant impact on tourist flow and visitors’ choices of entrance to the mountain; the volume of online sign-ins is highly correlated with landscape attention, axial control values and the local integration value of the trails; and tourists’ attention focuses on the entrance area and the few tourist-sight markers. This study advances the understanding of the spatial patterns of within-destination tourist behavior; this knowledge will be helpful in alleviating congestion in mountain scenic areas and providing effective guidance for tourists to plan an ideal tour route. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle An Investigation of Passengers’ Psychological Benefits from Green Brands in an Environmentally Friendly Airline Context: The Moderating Role of Gender
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010080
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 30 December 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (1002 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In recent years, as natural environmental problems have become more serious, environmentally friendly airlines have been attracting attention from many practitioners and scholars. The purpose of this study was to apply the concept of psychological benefits of green brands in an environmentally friendly
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In recent years, as natural environmental problems have become more serious, environmentally friendly airlines have been attracting attention from many practitioners and scholars. The purpose of this study was to apply the concept of psychological benefits of green brands in an environmentally friendly airline context. Based on the theoretical relationships between the conceptual constructs, a model was developed and then evaluated using data collected from 322 airline passengers in Korea. The results indicated that the three sub-dimensions of psychological benefits of green brands (i.e., warm glow, self-expressive benefits and nature experiences) help to enhance the overall image of an environmentally friendly airline. Furthermore, the overall image plays an important role in the formation of three outcome variables: intentions to use, word-of-mouth intentions and willingness to pay more. Lastly, gender moderates the relationship between overall image and intentions to use. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Identifying Tourist Places of Interest Based on Digital Imprints: Towards a Sustainable Smart City
Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2317; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9122317
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 9 December 2017 / Published: 13 December 2017
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (7908 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
As cities become increasingly complex, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) bring smartness into organisations and communities, contributing to a more competitive tourism destination, i.e., smart tourism destinations. Enhanced information access coupled with a new kind of tourists avid for online content and predisposed
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As cities become increasingly complex, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) bring smartness into organisations and communities, contributing to a more competitive tourism destination, i.e., smart tourism destinations. Enhanced information access coupled with a new kind of tourists avid for online content and predisposed to share information on social media, allows for a better understanding of tourist behaviour regarding their spatial distribution in urban destinations. Thus, smart tourism portrays individuals as information makers, refining the available alternatives for tracking their location. Big data analytics is a technology with the potential to develop Smart City services. From the analysis of the spatial distribution of tourists in the city of Lisbon based on data collected from the ‘Panoramio’ social network, we identify the most popular places in the city in a context of tourist visits. This new data largely contributes to understanding the consumption of space within urban tourist destinations and therefore enables us to differentiate the overcrowded places from the ones with potential to grow. This allows decision-makers to imagine new ways of planning and managing towards a sustainable ‘smart’ future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Transformation Planning of Ecotourism Systems to Invigorate Responsible Tourism
Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2248; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9122248
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 1 December 2017 / Accepted: 2 December 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (2403 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to introduce transformation plans that can stimulate responsible ecotourism by using systems thinking to solve ecotourism problems in Korea. Systems thinking is a research method used to understand the operating mechanisms of the variables that influence an
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The purpose of this study is to introduce transformation plans that can stimulate responsible ecotourism by using systems thinking to solve ecotourism problems in Korea. Systems thinking is a research method used to understand the operating mechanisms of the variables that influence an entire system, in order to identify its problems. The four types of ecotourism systems are classified as follows: low-infrastructure and resident-initiated, high-infrastructure and resident-initiated, high-infrastructure and government-initiated and low-infrastructure and government-initiated. These systems vary based on the need for tourism facilities and the form of governance. Each type of system is analyzed using the systems thinking process (dynamic thinking, causal thinking, feedback thinking, strategic thinking) at representative ecotourism sites in Jeollanam-do and the following transformation plans are proposed to improve the responsibility at the tourism sites: First, local residents will develop a system to manage and operate ecotourism ventures and establish cooperative governance structures to strengthen the local capacity. Second, ecotourism operators will improve the quality of their educational and interpretative programs and tourist information platforms in order to raise awareness of the responsibilities of ecotourists. Third, ecotourism systems that are improved through ecotourists’ and tour operators' heightened senses of responsibility can sustain ecotourism independently. These transformation plans can be applied to policy proposals for revitalizing ecotourism, to guidelines for improving community resilience and to biological habitat protection plans. This study is meaningful in that it discusses the role of stakeholders in ecotourism planning and promoting responsible tourism and their role in utilizing and conserving natural resources accordingly. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Fostering Nautical Tourism in the Balearic Islands
Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2215; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9122215
Received: 30 October 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 27 November 2017 / Published: 30 November 2017
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Abstract
The aim of this paper is to determine pillars for fostering nautical tourism based on the beliefs and attitudes that professionals in the sector have towards the particularities and difficulties that the market is going through. To achieve these goals, in-depth interviews structured
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The aim of this paper is to determine pillars for fostering nautical tourism based on the beliefs and attitudes that professionals in the sector have towards the particularities and difficulties that the market is going through. To achieve these goals, in-depth interviews structured around 37 questions were carried out with agents of associations and nautical firms, public institutions, and the Chamber of Commerce. The qualitative analysis program NVIVO 11 was used to analyze the content of the gathered data. The findings reveal that the main difficulties are related to normative issues and taxation, illegal supply, and a lack of definition of the nautical tourist profile. This absence of definition causes a vagueness when estimating the total number of nautical tourists that visit a destination. Thus, this affects evaluation of the economic, social, and environmental impact of nautical tourism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle The Vulnerability of Coastal Tourism Destinations to Climate Change: The Usefulness of Policy Analysis
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2062; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9112062
Received: 4 August 2017 / Revised: 9 October 2017 / Accepted: 7 November 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
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Abstract
Climate change conditions the sustainability of coastal destinations. This paper looks at the physical conditions that determine exposure and sensitivity to and risk from climate change and explores the sociopolitical contextual factors that determine the vulnerability of destinations. We define a destination’s vulnerability
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Climate change conditions the sustainability of coastal destinations. This paper looks at the physical conditions that determine exposure and sensitivity to and risk from climate change and explores the sociopolitical contextual factors that determine the vulnerability of destinations. We define a destination’s vulnerability to climate change as being a reduction in its attractiveness caused by climate change combined with the consequences of adaptation and mitigation strategies. To be more specific, this paper aims to discuss the linkage between policymaking and the vulnerability of coastal destinations to climate change. We look at how this vulnerability is determined by decision-making, policies and strategies and propose an innovative analytical framework to assess vulnerability using a policy analysis approach. It is our intention to combine a content analysis of policy documents with an analysis of the perceptions and opinions of the stakeholders that influence decision-making. The paper deals with the complex, multiple, dynamic and fuzzy attributes that characterize all the items that make up this kind of research: climate change (phenomenon), vulnerability (variable), policy analysis (method), policy contents and stakeholder perceptions (indicators), coastal destinations (territorial system) and tourism (activity and policy). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle A Self-Evaluation System of Quality Planning for Tourist Attractions in Taiwan: An Integrated AHP-Delphi Approach from Career Professionals
Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1751; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9101751
Received: 28 July 2017 / Revised: 19 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 28 September 2017
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (535 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This study seeks to identify a set of key indicators along with weightings for tourist attractions in Taiwan, and develop a quality management self-evaluation mechanism for tourism businesses, using an advanced integrated Analytic Hierarchy Process and Delphi (AHP-Delphi) approach derived from the supply
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This study seeks to identify a set of key indicators along with weightings for tourist attractions in Taiwan, and develop a quality management self-evaluation mechanism for tourism businesses, using an advanced integrated Analytic Hierarchy Process and Delphi (AHP-Delphi) approach derived from the supply side perspective. This research study comprises two phases: (1) Delphi method analysis that involves 17 experts, providing confirmation about the evaluation criteria; and (2) Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) method which aims to allocate weightings to the evaluation criteria from the experts. Findings from the Delphi method analysis revealed the acceptance of two dimensions, six sub-dimensions and 17 indicators as key evaluation criteria. The AHP method analysis indicated that the most significant dimension was managing quality, with tourism services and public sector facilities being the most important sub-dimension and indicator respectively. The self-evaluation mechanism proposed in this planning perspectives can assist tourism businesses and national/regional Destination Management Organization to identify quality management problems and possible ways of enhancing quality tourism, so that tourism experience, and tourist’s satisfaction can be further improved effectively between the conflicting views by career professionals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development)
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Open AccessArticle Residents’ Attitude toward Tourism Development: A Sociocultural Perspective
Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1170; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9071170
Received: 27 April 2017 / Revised: 14 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 7 July 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (1972 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Host population support for tourism development has attracted the attention of researchers in tourism studies. Given the importance of understanding local community support for tourism development, limitations in understanding their priority and lack of a socio-cultural model of support for tourism, this study
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Host population support for tourism development has attracted the attention of researchers in tourism studies. Given the importance of understanding local community support for tourism development, limitations in understanding their priority and lack of a socio-cultural model of support for tourism, this study attempted to model locals’ support for tourism development based on socio-cultural factors in Malaysian Homestay program. Using extensive literature review, a tourism support model was proposed including several hypothesized paths. The proposed socio-cultural research framework predicted the impact of Islamic religiosity, locals’ knowledge about tourism, intrinsic motivation factors and community attachment on locals support for tourism development through mediating variables of perceived socio-cultural benefits and costs in Malaysian Homestays. , the model and paths were tested using structural equation modelling and partial least square algorithm (PLS-SEM) with the aid of SmartPLS software. Findings reveal that locals’ support for tourism development in Homestay program is a function of perceived socio-cultural benefits and costs perceived by local community and four independent variables of Islamic religiosity, knowledge about tourism, intrinsic motivations, and community attachment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism Planning and Sustainable Development)
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