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Special Issue "Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations"

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A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 October 2014)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Tsan-Ming Choi (Website)

Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Interests: sustainable supply chain management; carbon footprints; operations risk analysis
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Yongjian Li (Website)

Department Chair, Business School, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, P.R. China
Phone: +86 22 23505341
Interests: sustainable supply chain management; reverse logistics; closed-loop supply chains; supply chain disruptions; green production; operation management

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In light of the global trend toward sustainability, many fashion companies have had to reshape their operational strategies. For example, over the past few years, we have witnessed many fashion companies going green by re-engineering their business processes and establishing formal sustainability programs; these companies aimed to achieve the 5 R’s (reduce, reuse, recycle, re-design, and re-image). In this Special Issue, we aim to publish state-of-the-art research concerning sustainability in fashion business operations. The research methodology can be qualitative or quantitative in nature and may follow any standard business study research methodology (e.g., analytical modeling, statistical-based empirical analysis or case studies). We invite interested authors to contribute to this Special Issue by submitting technical research and comprehensive review articles.

Prof Dr. Tsan-Ming Choi
Prof. Dr. Yongjian Li
Guest Editors

Submission

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs).

Keywords

  • sustainable fashion operations
  • sustainable supply chain management
  • reduce, reuse, recycle, re-design, re-image
  • green operations management
  • sustainable fashion industry
  • sustainable design

Published Papers (13 papers)

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Editorial

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Open AccessEditorial Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations
Sustainability 2015, 7(11), 15400-15406; doi:10.3390/su71115400
Received: 12 November 2015 / Revised: 12 November 2015 / Accepted: 12 November 2015 / Published: 19 November 2015
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (633 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Under the global trend of sustainability, many companies selling fashion products have to reshape their operational strategies. Over the past few years, we have witnessed many fashion companies going green by re-engineering their business processes and establishing their formal sustainability programs. Many [...] Read more.
Under the global trend of sustainability, many companies selling fashion products have to reshape their operational strategies. Over the past few years, we have witnessed many fashion companies going green by re-engineering their business processes and establishing their formal sustainability programs. Many important topics, such as closed-loop supply chain management, corporate social responsibility, and economic sustainability, are all related to sustainable fashion business operations management. This paper provides a brief review of these critical topics, introduces the special issue, and proposes future research areas to achieve sustainable operations management in the fashion business. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)

Research

Jump to: Editorial

Open AccessArticle Game Theoretic Analysis of Carbon Emission Abatement in Fashion Supply Chains Considering Vertical Incentives and Channel Structures
Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 4280-4309; doi:10.3390/su7044280
Received: 30 October 2014 / Revised: 3 March 2015 / Accepted: 4 March 2015 / Published: 14 April 2015
Cited by 8 | PDF Full-text (988 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
We study an emission-dependent dyadic fashion supply chain made up of a supplier and a manufacturer, both of which can reduce their own component/product emissions to serve the carbon-footprint sensitive consumers. With Carbon Tax regulation, we consider four scenarios resulting from two [...] Read more.
We study an emission-dependent dyadic fashion supply chain made up of a supplier and a manufacturer, both of which can reduce their own component/product emissions to serve the carbon-footprint sensitive consumers. With Carbon Tax regulation, we consider four scenarios resulting from two ways in form of adopting transfer price contract and/or introducing third-party emission-reduction service (TPERS) to enhance the efficiency of systematic emission reductions. We refine four models from these corresponding scenarios, which in turn constitute a decision-making framework composed of determining vertical incentives and choosing supply chain structures. By exploiting Stackelberg games in all models, we compare their emission reduction efficiencies and profitability for each pair of settings. Theoretic analysis and numerical studies show that adopting vertical transfer payment schemes can definitely benefit channel carbon footprint reduction and Pareto improvement of supply chain profitability, regardless of whether the emission-reduction service exists or not. However, whether introducing TPERS or not is heavily depending on systematic parameters when the transfer payment incentive is adopted there. We also provide insights on the sensitivity of carbon tax parameters with respect to the supply chain performance, overall carbon emission reduction, vertical incentive and TPERS adopting decision-makings. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle The Impact of Integrated Practices of Lean, Green, and Social Management Systems on Firm Sustainability Performance—Evidence from Chinese Fashion Auto-Parts Suppliers
Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 3838-3858; doi:10.3390/su7043838
Received: 25 September 2014 / Revised: 26 March 2015 / Accepted: 26 March 2015 / Published: 31 March 2015
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (1166 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
To better satisfy various stakeholders, firms are seeking integrated practices that can enhance their sustainability performance, also well known as the Triple Bottom Line (3BL). The fashion industry exhibits potential conflicts with the spirit of sustainability because of the waste created by [...] Read more.
To better satisfy various stakeholders, firms are seeking integrated practices that can enhance their sustainability performance, also well known as the Triple Bottom Line (3BL). The fashion industry exhibits potential conflicts with the spirit of sustainability because of the waste created by high levels of demand uncertainty and the extant usage of resources in production. Literature suggests that selected stand-alone practices of lean, green, and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) management systems have a positive impact on firm sustainability performance. However, how the combination of selected practices from these three management systems impacts the 3BL remains unclear. Based on case studies, we build an integrated sustainable practices model incorporating the most popular lean, green, and social practices and develop propositions for future tests. Our framework suggests the implementation of integrated practices would have a stronger influence on 3BL performance than individual practice implementation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle Evaluation of Barriers of Corporate Social Responsibility Using an Analytical Hierarchy Process under a Fuzzy Environment—A Textile Case
Sustainability 2015, 7(3), 3493-3514; doi:10.3390/su7033493
Received: 29 October 2014 / Revised: 11 February 2015 / Accepted: 3 March 2015 / Published: 23 March 2015
Cited by 9 | PDF Full-text (764 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The ventilating crisis of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues in the textiles industry resulted in the engagement of many researchers in the analysis of CSR and its related factors throughout the globe. Some researchers in developed nations extend their policies beyond the [...] Read more.
The ventilating crisis of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues in the textiles industry resulted in the engagement of many researchers in the analysis of CSR and its related factors throughout the globe. Some researchers in developed nations extend their policies beyond the boundary of CSR in the textiles industry, but some developing contexts are still limited to this boundary, including India, due to facts that have not yet been revealed. Hence, to fill this gap, this study reveals the factors that are resisting the implementation of CSR in the textiles industry with the assistance of a proposed model, and this model is validated with a case industry situated in southern India. Common barriers are collected through various reliable means, and among those common barriers, the essential barrier was identified with the assistance of the case industrial manager through an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) under a fuzzy environment. The results show that financial constraints comprise the main barrier to the implementation of CSR in the Indian textiles industry, which is then further validated with feedback from case industry managers. This study offers both societal and scientific insights, identifies limitations, and provides an approach that may be extended in the future once additional factors are implemented. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle A Study on Project Duration Incentives in a Retail Apparel Franchise
Sustainability 2015, 7(2), 2145-2160; doi:10.3390/su7022145
Received: 30 October 2014 / Revised: 10 February 2015 / Accepted: 12 February 2015 / Published: 16 February 2015
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (783 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This paper studies the impact on project duration of different forms of over-confidence among general contractors executing such projects, in the context of retail apparel franchises. It goes on to consider the design of relevant incentives and, in particular, a compensation mechanism [...] Read more.
This paper studies the impact on project duration of different forms of over-confidence among general contractors executing such projects, in the context of retail apparel franchises. It goes on to consider the design of relevant incentives and, in particular, a compensation mechanism included in the initial contract that covers the event of contractor dismissal. This mechanism is examined as a means of hedging risk arising from the behavior of the principal. This includes a study of a two-way risk avoidance strategy, which is intended to make up for a shortfall in this regard in the existing literature. Outcomes derived from this research include the conclusion that different levels of confidence can have various impacts on optimal incentive coefficients and the effort level extracted from agents, thereby affecting the ultimate configuration of an optimal contract. Introducing a compensation mechanism covering the event of dismissal can serve to diminish the risk of an agent breaching their contract. This paper applies the concept of bounded rationality to a principal-agent model, ensuring conclusions that are attuned to reality. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle Supplier Selection Problems in Fashion Business Operations with Sustainability Considerations
Sustainability 2015, 7(2), 1603-1619; doi:10.3390/su7021603
Received: 30 October 2014 / Accepted: 20 January 2015 / Published: 2 February 2015
Cited by 8 | PDF Full-text (975 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In recent years, sustainability has been a major focus of fashion business operations because fashion industry development causes harmful effects to the environment, both indirectly and directly. The sustainability of the fashion industry is generally based on several levels and this study [...] Read more.
In recent years, sustainability has been a major focus of fashion business operations because fashion industry development causes harmful effects to the environment, both indirectly and directly. The sustainability of the fashion industry is generally based on several levels and this study focuses on investigating the optimal supplier selection problem for sustainable materials supply in fashion clothing production. Following the ground rule that sustainable development is based on the Triple Bottom Line (TBL), this paper has framed twelve criteria from the economic, environmental and social perspectives for evaluating suppliers. The well-established multi-criteria decision making tool Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) is employed for ranking potential suppliers among the pool of suppliers. Through a real case study, the proposed approach has been applied and some managerial implications are derived. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle Profit Analysis and Supply Chain Planning Model for Closed-Loop Supply Chain in Fashion Industry
Sustainability 2014, 6(12), 9027-9056; doi:10.3390/su6129027
Received: 23 September 2014 / Revised: 12 November 2014 / Accepted: 26 November 2014 / Published: 9 December 2014
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (966 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In recent decades, due to market growth and use of synthetic fiber, the fashion industry faces a rapid increase of CO2 emission throughout the production cycle and raises environmental issues in recovery processing. This study proposes a closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) [...] Read more.
In recent decades, due to market growth and use of synthetic fiber, the fashion industry faces a rapid increase of CO2 emission throughout the production cycle and raises environmental issues in recovery processing. This study proposes a closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) structure in fashion industry and develops its planning model as multi-objective mixed integer linear programming to find an optimal trade-off between CLSC profit and CO2 emission. The planning model is associated with the profit analysis of each member in CLSC to find the optimal price of products on CLSC network. The model determines optimal production, transportation, and inventory quantities on CLSC network. The proposed models are validated using numerical experiments and sensitivity analyses, and from the results some managerial insights are addressed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
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Open AccessArticle Cooperation or Competition? Channel Choice for a Remanufacturing Fashion Supply Chain with Government Subsidy
Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 7292-7310; doi:10.3390/su6107292
Received: 27 August 2014 / Revised: 5 October 2014 / Accepted: 9 October 2014 / Published: 22 October 2014
Cited by 10 | PDF Full-text (978 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In this paper, we address the problem of choosing an appropriate channel for the marketing channel structure of remanufactured fashion products. To be specific, we consider a remanufacturer who has two options for selling the products: (1) provide the remanufactured products to [...] Read more.
In this paper, we address the problem of choosing an appropriate channel for the marketing channel structure of remanufactured fashion products. To be specific, we consider a remanufacturer who has two options for selling the products: (1) provide the remanufactured products to a manufacturer, then the manufacturer sells both new products and the remanufactured products to customers, and (2) sell the remanufactured products directly to customers. Because of the relatively low acceptance of remanufactured products and environment consciousness of customers in developing countries like China, we model the two scenarios as decentralized remanufacturing supply chains, with the manufacturer being the Stackelberg leader and the government offering subsidy to the remanufacturer to incentivize remanufacturing activities. We find that the subsidy can incentivize remanufacturing activity regardless of the remanufacturer’s channel choice. A “too high” or “too low” subsidy makes the remanufacturer compete with the manufacturer, and an intermediate subsidy results in cooperation between the two members of the remanufacturing supply chain. Meanwhile, if the customers’ acceptance for remanufactured products is higher, the remanufacturer will be more likely to compete with the manufacturer. However, the remanufacturer’s optimal channel choice may be inefficient in the sense of social welfare and environmental protection. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle Sustainable Rent-Based Closed-Loop Supply Chain for Fashion Products
Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 7063-7088; doi:10.3390/su6107063
Received: 20 August 2014 / Revised: 27 September 2014 / Accepted: 29 September 2014 / Published: 16 October 2014
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (758 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The textile and clothing industry generates much pollution and consumes a large amount of resources. Improper uses and disposal of clothing products make the problems much more severe. Fast fashion products shorten the valid lifecycle and generate more waste than regular clothing [...] Read more.
The textile and clothing industry generates much pollution and consumes a large amount of resources. Improper uses and disposal of clothing products make the problems much more severe. Fast fashion products shorten the valid lifecycle and generate more waste than regular clothing products. Considering the features of fashion products, a system of a rent-based closed-loop supply chain is developed to improve the sustainability of fashion products. The supply chain processes (fashion design and manufacturing, laundry, logistics and disposal), the operations management issues (inventory management, closed-loop logistics, human-clothing matching, booking system and the rental pricing) and the sustainability promotion aspects (customization, responsive system, culture and policy aspects) are investigated by devising sustainable strategies. The rationalities of the developed system and strategies are reviewed and elucidated in detail. The results may contribute to building sustainable closed-loop fashion supply chains, the related information systems and operational and managerial mechanisms. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle Evolutionary Game Analysis of Remanufacturing Closed-Loop Supply Chain with Asymmetric Information
Sustainability 2014, 6(9), 6312-6324; doi:10.3390/su6096312
Received: 13 May 2014 / Revised: 26 July 2014 / Accepted: 4 August 2014 / Published: 12 September 2014
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (767 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Remanufacturing is an effective means to realize energy saving and emission reduction. This paper develops an evolutionary game model with a two-echelon closed-loop supply chain to study evolutionary stable strategies (ESS) of manufacturers and retailers. Through analyzing evolutionary path of the game, [...] Read more.
Remanufacturing is an effective means to realize energy saving and emission reduction. This paper develops an evolutionary game model with a two-echelon closed-loop supply chain to study evolutionary stable strategies (ESS) of manufacturers and retailers. Through analyzing evolutionary path of the game, we find that there are two possible evolutionary results affected by the profits of manufacturers. Price of remanufacturing products may be a critical factor that determines the ESS. Government subsidy is critical to promote the development of remanufacturing industry. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle Sustainable Fashion Supply Chain: Lessons from H&M
Sustainability 2014, 6(9), 6236-6249; doi:10.3390/su6096236
Received: 15 July 2014 / Revised: 15 August 2014 / Accepted: 19 August 2014 / Published: 11 September 2014
Cited by 10 | PDF Full-text (907 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Sustainability is significantly important for fashion business due to consumers’ increasing awareness of environment. When a fashion company aims to promote sustainability, the main linkage is to develop a sustainable supply chain. This paper contributes to current knowledge of sustainable supply chain [...] Read more.
Sustainability is significantly important for fashion business due to consumers’ increasing awareness of environment. When a fashion company aims to promote sustainability, the main linkage is to develop a sustainable supply chain. This paper contributes to current knowledge of sustainable supply chain in the textile and clothing industry. We first depict the structure of sustainable fashion supply chain including eco-material preparation, sustainable manufacturing, green distribution, green retailing, and ethical consumers based on the extant literature. We study the case of the Swedish fast fashion company, H&M, which has constructed its sustainable supply chain in developing eco-materials, providing safety training, monitoring sustainable manufacturing, reducing carbon emission in distribution, and promoting eco-fashion. Moreover, based on the secondary data and analysis, we learn the lessons of H&M’s sustainable fashion supply chain from the country perspective: (1) the H&M’s sourcing managers may be more likely to select suppliers in the countries with lower degrees of human wellbeing; (2) the H&M’s supply chain manager may set a higher level of inventory in a country with a higher human wellbeing; and (3) the H&M CEO may consider the degrees of human wellbeing and economic wellbeing, instead of environmental wellbeing when launching the online shopping channel in a specific country. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle The Equilibrium Decisions in a Two-Echelon Supply Chain under Price and Service Competition
Sustainability 2014, 6(7), 4339-4354; doi:10.3390/su6074339
Received: 24 March 2014 / Revised: 1 July 2014 / Accepted: 8 July 2014 / Published: 14 July 2014
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (277 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This article studies a supply chain composed of a manufacturer and two competing retailers. The manufacturer produces two substitutable products and offers respective service levels to customers who buy one of the two products. Each retailer can only order one kind of [...] Read more.
This article studies a supply chain composed of a manufacturer and two competing retailers. The manufacturer produces two substitutable products and offers respective service levels to customers who buy one of the two products. Each retailer can only order one kind of product from the manufacturer, and then sell them to the market at a certain sale price. The demands for two products are influenced not only by the service levels the manufacturer provides, but also the sales prices of the two products. Furthermore, we investigate the equilibrium behavior of members in the supply chain with the aid of the Stackelberg game, and discover a number of insights concerning some important parameters. Finally, Numerical analysis is presented to validate our theoretical results and compare channel performances. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)
Open AccessArticle Green Supply Chain Collaboration for Fashionable Consumer Electronics Products under Third-Party Power Intervention—A Resource Dependence Perspective
Sustainability 2014, 6(5), 2832-2875; doi:10.3390/su6052832
Received: 1 April 2014 / Revised: 26 April 2014 / Accepted: 8 May 2014 / Published: 13 May 2014
Cited by 10 | PDF Full-text (1104 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Under third-party power intervention (TPPI), which increases uncertainty in task environments, complex channel power interplays and restructuring are indispensable among green supply chain members as they move toward sustainable collaborative relationships for increased viability and competitive advantage. From the resource dependence perspective, [...] Read more.
Under third-party power intervention (TPPI), which increases uncertainty in task environments, complex channel power interplays and restructuring are indispensable among green supply chain members as they move toward sustainable collaborative relationships for increased viability and competitive advantage. From the resource dependence perspective, this work presents a novel conceptual model to investigate the influence of political and social power on channel power restructuring and induced green supply chain collaboration in brander-retailer bidirectional green supply chains of fashionable consumer electronics products (FCEPs). An FCEP refers to the consumer electronics product (e.g., personal computers, mobile phones, computer notebooks, and game consoles) with the features of a well-known brand associated, a short product lifecycle, timely and fashionable design fit for market trends, and quick responsiveness to the variations of market demands. The proposed model is tested empirically using questionnaire data obtained from retailers in the FCEP brander-retailer distribution channels. Analytical results reveal that as an extension of political and social power, TPPI positively affects the reciprocal interdependence of dyadic members and reduces power asymmetry, thereby enhancing the collaborative relationship of dyadic members and leading to improved green supply chain performance. Therein, reciprocal interdependence underlying collaborative relationship is the key to reducing the external environmental uncertainties in the TPPI context. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fashion Business Operations)

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