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Special Issue "Resilient Architectural and Urban Design"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2017

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Assistant Prof. Dr. Yi-Chang Chiang

Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Chinese Culture University, Taiwan
Website | E-Mail
Interests: climate change adaptation; resilient city; green building; rural regeneration; sustainable development
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Chris Zevenbergen

1. Water Science & Engineering Department, UNESCO-IHE, The Netherlands;
2. Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Website | E-Mail
Interests: flood resilience; urban planning; water management; disaster management; urban governance; climate adaptation
Guest Editor
Dr. Peter van der Keur

Department of Hydrology, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Denmark
Website | E-Mail
Interests: hydrological modelling (urban, catchment); adaptive water management; climate impact; resilience; disaster risk management

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Cities are already facing more frequent and severe extreme weather and climate events in recent decades. The World Bank indicated Taiwan as the place on Earth most vulnerable to natural hazards in 2005; Typhoon Morakot 2009 broke records by unleashing over 2500 millimeters of rainfall in five days in Taiwan, causing destructive landslides. Taipei City has addressed 2016 “Adaptive City—Design in Motion” as a core appeal in hosting World Design Capital that recognizes cities for their ability to effectively use “design and architecture” as a catalyst to drive economic, social, cultural, and environmental development. The shift of focus from vulnerability to adaptation introduced by Taiwan has marked a transformational societal change that seeks to explore and confront the future challenges facing sustainability.

For cities to be sustainable, they must be resilient. This Special Issue focuses on a city’s resilient performance through architectural and urban design. Introducing resilience into the architecture and design of new developments is not always straightforward, but in recent years considerable progress has been made despite the uncertainties and complexities of understanding the interacting systems and services. Retrofitting the existing urban fabric to produce resilience appears to be lagging behind and even more complex in many cities. The Special Issue seeks to synthesize state-of-the-art knowledge on theories and practices of resilient cities worldwide at the building, community, and urban–rural scales in order to better respond to natural and man-made disasters and disturbances, as well as climate change related risks from extreme events, such as heat waves, heavy precipitation, and coastal flooding.

The Special Issue will comprise selected papers from the Symposium on Resilient Architectural and Urban Design 2017 (RAUD2017) and other papers related to “Resilient Architectural and Urban Design”. Authors who will present their papers at the symposium will be invited to submit their manuscripts to the Guest Editors for preliminary evaluation. Accepted papers will be then submitted by the authors to the open access journal Sustainability and enter the peer-review process. Researchers who cannot attend the symposium are also allowed to submit manuscripts to the Special Issue.

Assistant Prof. Dr. Yi-Chang Chiang
Prof. Dr. Chris Zevenbergen
Dr. Peter van der Keur
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • climate change
  • resilient design
  • architecture
  • urban design
  • adaptive management

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Environmental Risks or Costs? Exploring Flooding and the Urban Heat Island Effect in Planning for Policymaking: A Case Study in the Southern Taiwan Science Park
Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2239; doi:10.3390/su9122239
Received: 30 September 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 29 November 2017 / Published: 4 December 2017
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Abstract
This study examined a specific case of planning for policymaking in response to two physical environmental issues: flooding and the urban heat island effect (UHI). The Southern Taiwan Science Park (STSP) was selected as a case study. Data were primarily collected through interviews
[...] Read more.
This study examined a specific case of planning for policymaking in response to two physical environmental issues: flooding and the urban heat island effect (UHI). The Southern Taiwan Science Park (STSP) was selected as a case study. Data were primarily collected through interviews as well as through policy review. The assessment showed significant differences in policymaking when comparing these two issues. The issue of flooding was considered and managed well. The UHI, however, was poorly considered or ignored altogether in policymaking, even though it has shown an increasing trend over the last decades, to a greater degree in the STSP than in the city centre. The results implied that the neoliberal approach to planning of decision-making performed better in managing risks (i.e., flooding and relevant disasters which had occurred in the past) than costs (i.e., the UHI and the future threats resulting from development). The STSP’s spatial development strategy, underpinned by the neoliberal approach with an agenda for maximising economic growth, was questionable for environmental management toward resilience. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilient Architectural and Urban Design)
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Open AccessArticle Exploring Psychological and Aesthetic Approaches of Bio-Retention Facilities in the Urban Open Space
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2067; doi:10.3390/su9112067
Received: 9 September 2017 / Revised: 27 October 2017 / Accepted: 6 November 2017 / Published: 10 November 2017
PDF Full-text (1200 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Over the last decades, a number of bio-retention facilities have been installed in urban areas for flood control and green amenity purposes. As urban amenity facilities for citizens, bio-retentions have a lot potential; however, the literature on bio-retentions focused mostly on physiochemical aspects
[...] Read more.
Over the last decades, a number of bio-retention facilities have been installed in urban areas for flood control and green amenity purposes. As urban amenity facilities for citizens, bio-retentions have a lot potential; however, the literature on bio-retentions focused mostly on physiochemical aspects like water quality and runoffs. Hence, this paper aims to explore psychological aspects of bio-retentions such as perceptions and landscape aesthetic value for visitors. In order to achieve this purpose, the study employed on-site interviews and questionnaires in the chosen three case studies as research methodology. For the 3 different locations of bio-retention facilities, interviews and questionnaires were carried out. The surveys of 100 bio-retention users were conducted, investigating their general perceptions and landscape aesthetics of the bio-retention facilities. The paper found that only 34% of the interviewees recognised bio-detention facilities, illustrating that most visitors were not aware of such facilities and were unable to distinguish the differences between bio-retention and conventional gardens. On the other hand, the majority of interviewees strongly supported the concept and function of bio-retentions, especially those who recognised the differences in planting species with conventional urban open spaces. Such main findings also encourage further studies of seeking quantitative values by conducting a correlation analysis between the functions and aesthetics of bio-retention facilities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilient Architectural and Urban Design)
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Open AccessArticle The Seasonal and Diurnal Influence of Surrounding Land Use on Temperature: Findings from Seoul, South Korea
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1443; doi:10.3390/su9081443
Received: 6 June 2017 / Revised: 11 August 2017 / Accepted: 11 August 2017 / Published: 16 August 2017
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Abstract
There is a growing interest in understanding how the built environment affects temperature in cities. This study explores the impact of land use on temperature and how it varies by season and time of day in Seoul, South Korea. Unlike other studies that
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There is a growing interest in understanding how the built environment affects temperature in cities. This study explores the impact of land use on temperature and how it varies by season and time of day in Seoul, South Korea. Unlike other studies that rely on extracted data from remotely sensed information, this study uses land use data from local GIS and near-ground temperature data from a network of state-run weather stations. To deal with multicollinearity among the land use variables, partial least squares regression models were used for analysis. Results suggest that residential and commercial uses and roads increase the temperature while open spaces decrease it. In detail, central commercial use, high-density residential use, and roads were influential heaters, while greenery was an influential cooler throughout the year. This study suggests the need for place-based planning and design solutions that help build climate resilience of cities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilient Architectural and Urban Design)
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