Special Issue "Natural Toxins"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 March 2016)
The Special Issue on “Natural Toxins” focuses on harmful compounds which have a natural origin and have the potential to impact human or animal health (or both). Natural toxins can be produced by fungi (mycotoxins), algae (phycotoxins), bacteria (bacterial toxins), plants (phytoxins), and animals (zootoxins). The presence of natural toxins as bio-contaminants or even integral components in food and feed can contribute to the occurrence of human or animal disease. Whilst some toxins are acutely toxic, others are non-acute and toxicity is only manifest with excessive or prolonged exposure. Putting the risk into perspective it is often quoted that “only the dose makes the poison” (Paracelsus 16th Century). There has been sustained interest of the scientific community in natural toxins, in understanding their biological effects, determining their chemical composition, and developing methods to detect and control their presence. Mycotoxins, particularly, have been the focus of risk assessments, and regulations controlling the presence of mycotoxins in a range of commodities have been established across many countries. These developments require the establishment of high throughput methods, such as LC-MS, with increasingly lower limits of detection, and have led to an ever-increasing interest in management strategies and treatments to control the formation of mycotoxin either in the field or post-harvest. Plant toxins also cause major economic losses particularly to livestock producers and can variously impact on the general populous. The understanding and regulation of plant toxins are less developed, and is limited by the immense diversity of chemical structure of such toxins and the availability of standards. Impacts of plant toxins are not limited to grazing livestock but can be carried through the food chain. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids for example have generated significant interest in recent years with considerable concern relating to their presence in herbal treatments and also their potential contamination of honey through pollen transfer.
In conclusion, this Special Issue should review all the aspects concerning natural toxins, focusing on both chemical identification and analysis of these toxins and also the biochemical, molecular, and clinical effects that these compounds may exert.
Dr. Mary Fletcher
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Molecules is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- bacterial toxins
- poisonous plants
- residue analysis