Special Issue "Rare Earth: From Exploration to Mining"


A special issue of Minerals (ISSN 2075-163X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2015)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Antonio Nieto

John and Willie Leone Family Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Website: http://www.eme.psu.edu/faculty/nieto.html
Interests: rare earth and critical mineral economics; real-time GIS systems in mining operation; computer modeling and simulation of mining systems; oceanic and unconventional mining methods

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Rare earth elements (REEs) comprise the 15 Lanthanides elements. They are used in several technologies and applications including the automobile and petroleum industry, in magnets for wind turbines, and phosphors in lighting and computer and TV screens. Rare Earth Elements are actually quite abundant in the earth’s crust. REEs are named “rare” because they are present in relatively low concentrations and are difficult to extract economically.

China holds around 50% of the global REE reserves, and until 2012, production of REEs was almost exclusive to China. Over the past decade, China has been steadily decreasing its REE export quotas, reducing the supply of REEs available to the rest of the world.

Thus, it is extremely important to be aware and understand the risks facing the supply of REEs, as awareness is the first and most important step in developing strategies to mitigate supply risk. This issue is aimed to promote and share knowledge related to REEs exploration and extraction.

Prof. Dr. Antonio Nieto
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Minerals is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 800 CHF (Swiss Francs).


  • rare earths
  • lanthanides
  • criticality REE
  • strategic minerals
  • strategic materials

Published Papers (1 paper)

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p. 356-366
by , , , , , ,  and
Minerals 2015, 5(2), 356-366; doi:10.3390/min5020356
Received: 20 May 2015 / Revised: 3 June 2015 / Accepted: 16 June 2015 / Published: 23 June 2015
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Last update: 15 May 2014

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