Special Issue "Advances in Hydrometallurgy"

A special issue of Metals (ISSN 2075-4701).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Alexandre Chagnes

University of Lorraine, GeoRessources Lab, UMR CNRS 7359, 2 Rue Doyen Marcel Roubault,TSA 70605, F-54518 Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: hydrometallurgy; solution chemistry; nuclear chemistry; separation science; thermodynamic; electrochemistry; lithium batteries

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The development of new technologies and the increasing demand of mineral resources from emerging countries are responsible for significant tensions in the price of non-ferrous metals. Some metals have become strategic and critical because they are used in many technological applications and their availability remains limited. In addition to energetic raw materials, such as oil or gas, the industry uses about fifty different metals. For many of them, the worldwide annual consumption ranges from a few tens of tons to several hundred thousand tons. Some of them, the so-called strategic metals, are crucial for achieving high performances. They are found in high-tech products, such as flat panel TVs (indium), solar panel cells (indium), lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles (lithium), magnets (rare earths, such as neodymium and dysprosium), scintillators (rare earths), and aviation and medical applications (titanium). The secured supply of these metals is crucial to continue producing and exporting these technologies, and because specific properties of these metals make them essential and difficult to substitute for a given industrial application.

Hydrometallurgical processes have the advantages of being able to process low-grade ores, to allow better control of co-products and to have a lower environmental impact. With the depletion of deposits and the growing interest in low-grade elements (e.g., rare earth elements), the metallurgical industry has shown a growing interest in the development of hydrometallurgical processes more adapted to current challenges over the last fifteen years. The need to develop more efficient, economical and environmentally-friendly processes, capable of extracting metals from increasingly complex and poorly polymetallic matrices, is real. The aim of this Special Issue is to highlight recent advances related to hydrometallurgy to face new challenges in metal production.

Prof. Alexandre Chagnes
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Metals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Raw material
  • Extractive metallurgy
  • Hydrometallurgy
  • Process
  • Strategic metals
  • Critical metals
  • Recycling
  • Physicochemistry

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle A Mineralogical Assessment on Residues after Acidic Leaching of Bauxite Residue (Red Mud) for Titanium Recovery
Metals 2017, 7(11), 458; doi:10.3390/met7110458
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 23 October 2017 / Published: 28 October 2017
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Abstract
Due to its alkalinity, red mud produced by the Bayer process may affect both the environment and human health. For this reason, its further utilization instead of disposal is of great importance. Numerous methods have already been studied for hydrometallurgical treatment of red
[...] Read more.
Due to its alkalinity, red mud produced by the Bayer process may affect both the environment and human health. For this reason, its further utilization instead of disposal is of great importance. Numerous methods have already been studied for hydrometallurgical treatment of red mud, especially for the recovery of various metallic components such as iron, aluminum, titanium or rare earth elements. This study focuses on the extraction of titanium from red mud and in particular the mineralogical changes, induced by leaching. Sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and their combination have been utilized as leaching agents with the same leaching parameters. It has been determined that sulfuric acid is the best candidate for the red mud treatment in terms of titanium leaching efficiency at the end of 2 h with a value of 67.3%. Moreover, samples from intermediate times of reaction revealed that leaching of Ti exhibit various reaction rates at different times of reaction depending on acid type. In order to explain differences, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and QEMSCAN techniques were utilized. Beside titanium oxide (TiO2) with available free surface area, a certain amount of the TiO2 was detected as entrapped in Fe dominating oxide. These associations between Ti and Fe phases were used to explain different leaching reaction rates and a reaction mechanism was proposed to open a process window. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hydrometallurgy)
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Review

Jump to: Research

Open AccessReview Recovery of Gold from Pregnant Thiosulfate Solutions by the Resin Adsorption Technique
Metals 2017, 7(12), 555; doi:10.3390/met7120555
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 4 December 2017 / Accepted: 6 December 2017 / Published: 12 December 2017
PDF Full-text (1258 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This review is devoted to an integrated evaluation of the current use and future development of the resin adsorption technique in gold recovery from pregnant thiosulfate solutions. Comparisons are firstly made with other recovery techniques, including precipitation, activated carbon adsorption, solvent extraction, electrowinning
[...] Read more.
This review is devoted to an integrated evaluation of the current use and future development of the resin adsorption technique in gold recovery from pregnant thiosulfate solutions. Comparisons are firstly made with other recovery techniques, including precipitation, activated carbon adsorption, solvent extraction, electrowinning and mesoporous silica adsorption. A detailed discussion about the recent advances of the technique in gold recovery from pregnant thiosulfate solutions is then presented from the aspects of gold adsorption on the resins and gold-loaded resin elution, respectively. On the basis of summarizing the present research, the major limitations of the resin adsorption technique are eventually pointed out and future development will also be prospected. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hydrometallurgy)
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Figure 1

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

  1. Chemical Degradation of the Mixture of Trioctylamine (Extractant) and 1-Tridecanol (Phase Modifier) in Acidic Sulfate Media in the Presence of Chromium (Vi)

Alexandre Chagnes 1,3 and Gérard Cote 2

1   GéoRessources - UMR CNRS 7359-CREGU-Université de Lorraine, 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

2   Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris (Chimie Paristech) - Laboratoire d'Electrochimie, Chimie des Interfaces et Modélisation pour l’Energie (LECIME, UMR CNRS 7575), 11 Rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France

3   Promethee (GDR 3749), 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

  1. Recovery of Metals from Secondary Raw Materials by Coupling Electroleaching/Electrodeposition in Aqueous or Ionic Liquid Medium

Nathalie Leclerc 1, Sophie Legeai 1,4, Maxime Balva 1, Claire Hazotte 2, Julien Comel 1,

François Lapicque2, Emmanuel Billy3,4 and Eric Meux1,4

1   Groupe Chimie et Electrochimie des Matériaux, Institut Jean Lamour, CNRS- Université de Lorraine, 1 Boulevard Arago, 57078 Metz Cedex 3, France

2   Laboratoire Réactions et Génie des Procédés-CNRS-Université de Lorraine ENSIC - 1 rue Grandville, 54001 Nancy, France

3   Laboratoire d'Innovation pour les Technologies des Energies nouvelles et les Nanomatériaux, Université de Grenoble-Alpes CEA, 38054 Grenoble, France

4   Promethee (GDR 3749), 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

  1. Betainium Task Specific Ionic Liquid for Metal Extraction

Pape Diaba Diabate, Stéphanie Boudesocque, Aminou Mohamadou and Laurent Dupont

1   Institut de Chimie Moleculaire de Reims (ICMR), CNRS UMR 7312, UFR des Sciences Exactes et NaturellesUniversité de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Batiment 18 Europol’Agro, BP 1039, F-51687 Reims Cedex 2, France

2   Promethee (GDR 3749), 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

  1. Removal of Metals Oxyanions (As, Cr, Mo, Se) on Innovative Hybrid Ionosilicas

Benedicte Prelot 1,2, Peter Hesemann 1 and Ut Dong Thach 1

1   Institut Charles Gerhardt, UMR-5253 CNRS-UM-ENSCM, Place Eugène Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier cedex 5, FRANCE

2   Promethee (GDR 3749), 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

  1. From Industrial Wastes to Valuable Metals By An Electrochemical Process Based on Intercalation Reactions

Elodie Guyot 1, José Barbosa 1 and Clotilde Boulanger 1,2

1  Université de Lorraine, CNRS, Institut Jean Lamour, 1 bd Arago, BP 95823, 57078 Metz cedex 1

2   Promethee (GDR 3749), 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

  1. Electroassisted Leaching: An Alternative to Classical Chemical Leaching for Metal Recovery from Primary and Secondary Resources?
P. Minois 1,2, A. Chagnes 3,4,L. Svecova 2,4,5, M.-O. Lupsea 4 and P.-X. Thivel 2,4,5

1   Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris (Chimie Paristech) - Laboratoire d'Electrochimie, Chimie des Interfaces et Modélisation pour l’Energie (LECIME, UMR CNRS 7575), 11 Rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France

2   Réseau sur le Stockage Electrochimique de l'Energie (RS2E), FR CNRS 3459, France

3   GeoRessources-UMR CNRS 7359-CREGU-Universit ́e de Lorraine, 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault, 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

4   Promethee (GDR 3749), 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

5   UNIV. GRENOBLE ALPES, CNRS, LEPMI, Grenoble, 1130 rue de la piscine, 38402 Saint Martin d’Heres, France

7. Selective Extraction of Rare Earth Elements from Phosphoric acid by Ion Exchange Resins: A Critical Review

Hères 1,3, F. Cuer 1,3, P. Di Natale 1,3, A. Ouaattou 2, H. Mazouz 2 and D. Dhiba 2

1   French Nuclear and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), Nuclear Energy Division – CEA Marcoule, Research Department of Mining and Fuel Recycling ProCesses (DMRC), BP 17171, F-30207 Bagnols sur Ceze, France

2   Research & Development Direction, Office Chérifien des Phosphates (OCP), BP 118, Jorf Lasfar El Jadida, Morocco

3   Promethee (GDR 3749), 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

8. Chemical Degradation of the mixture of Trioctylamine (Extractant) and 1-Tridecanol (Phase Modifier) in Acidic Sulfate Media in the Presence of Chromium (VI)

Alexandre Chagnes 1,* and Gérard Cote 2

1   GéoRessources - UMR CNRS 7359-CREGU-Université de Lorraine, 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

2   Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris (Chimie Paristech) - Laboratoire d'Electrochimie, Chimie des Interfaces et Modélisation pour l’Energie (LECIME, UMR CNRS 7575), 11 Rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France.

9. Recovery of Metals from Secondary Raw Materials by Coupling Electroleaching/Electrodeposition in Aqueous or Ionic Liquid Medium

Nathalie Leclerc 1, Sophie Legeai 1, Maxime Balva 1, Claire Hazotte 2, Julien Comel 1, François Lapicque 2, Emmanuel Billy 3 and Eric Meux 1,*

1   Groupe Chimie et Electrochimie des Matériaux, Institut Jean Lamour, CNRS- Université de Lorraine, 1 Boulevard Arago, 57078 Metz Cedex 3, France

2      Laboratoire Réactions et Génie des Procédés-CNRS-Université de Lorraine ENSIC - 1 rue Grandville, 54001 Nancy, France

3   Laboratoire d'Innovation pour les Technologies des Energies nouvelles et les Nanomatériaux, Université de Grenoble-Alpes - CEA, 38054 Grenoble, France

*   Corresponding author: eric.meux@univ-lorraine.fr

10. Removal of Metals Oxyanions (As, Cr, Mo, Se) on Innovative Hybrid Ionosilicas

Benedicte PRELOT *, Peter HESEMANN and UtDong THACH

Institut Charles Gerhardt, UMR-5253 CNRS-UM-ENSCM, Place Eugène Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier cedex 5, FRANCE 

11. From Industrial Wastes to Valuable Metals by an Electrochemical Process Based on Intercalation Reactions

Elodie Guyot, José Barbosa and Clotilde Boulanger *

Université de Lorraine, CNRS, Institut Jean Lamour, 1 bd Arago, BP 95823, 57078 Metz cedex 1

12. Electroassisted Leaching: an Alterna've to Classical Chemical Leaching for Metal Recovery from Primary and Secondary Resources?

Minois 1, A. Chagnes 3, Lenka. Svecova 1,2,*, M.-O. Lupsea 2 and P.-X. Thivel 1,2

1   Réseau sur le Stockage Electrochimique de l'Energie (RS2E), FR CNRS 3459, France

2   UNIV. GRENOBLE ALPES, CNRS, LEPMI, Grenoble, 1130 rue de la piscine, 38402 Saint Martin d’Heres, France; , e-mail: lenka.svecova@lepmi.grenoble-inp.fr, tel: +33 476826691

3   GeoRessources-UMR CNRS 7359-CREGU-Universit ́e de Lorraine, 2 Rue du Doyen Roubault, 54518 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, France

13. Biohydrometallurgy: From Laboratory Scale to Industrial Applications

Patrick d’Hugues *(BRGM D3E/DMP), Anne Gwenaelle Guezennec (BRGM D3E/DMP) and Cathy Joulian (BRGM D3E/GME)

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