Special Issue "Membranes in Process Intensification"

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A special issue of Membranes (ISSN 2077-0375).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2014

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Galip Akay
School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
Website: http://research.ncl.ac.uk/pim/
E-Mail: galip.akay@newcastle.ac.uk
Phone: +44 191 222 7269
Fax: +44 191 222 5292
Interests: micro-cellular polymers; biomass waste gasification; syngas cleaning; syngas-to-biofuel/ammonia conversion; nano-structured micro-porous materials, membranes and catalysts; catalytic membrane combustion; biomimic membrane reactors; oil-water and gas-liquid separations; carrier mediated separations/remediation; membrane process (electro-filtration); in vitro organs/tissue engineering; biotechnology; enzyme encapsulation and bio-remediation; agglomeration/micro-encapsulation; detergent processing

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Robert Field
Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PJ, UK
Website: http://www.balliol.ox.ac.uk/about-balliol/robert-field
E-Mail: robert.field@eng.ox.ac.uk
Phone: +44 1865 273 814
Fax: +44 1865 283 273

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Process Intensification (PI) has been emerging as a novel processing philosophy fit for the needs of the new millennia as a result of global warming, concerns for food, energy and water shortages and the shift towards a hydrogen economy and renewables which require local production platforms for sustainability. Integrated PI-based technology is free of the burden of economies of scale which define the economics of centralized production. PI is therefore most useful in distributed–decentralized–local production.

Within PI, membranes play an important function because of the reduction of diffusion pathways for mass transfer as well as due to their selectivity and catalytic activity. This special issue will summarize the latest developments in membrane based PI across all disciplines in order to define the underlying mechanisms and cross-fertilization. We invite contributors to submit original research papers in membrane based process intensification in chemical, biochemical, biological, agricultural, environmental, energy conversion technologies covering separations, reactors, catalysis, combustion processes dealing with products such as chemicals, fine chemicals or resources such as water, air and solar radiation. The scope of the papers ranges from the existing polymeric, metallic, ceramic or composite membrane systems in process intensification to novel membranes specially tailored for process intensification.

Prof. Dr. Galip Akay
Prof. Dr. Robert Field
Guest Editors

Submission

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Membranes is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 300 CHF (Swiss Francs). English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.

Keywords

  • catalytic membranes
  • composite membranes
  • crossflow filtration
  • membranes
  • membrane combustion
  • membrane separations
  • membrane reactors
  • process intensification
  • process miniaturisation
  • reactive membranes
  • reactive separations

Published Papers (3 papers)

Membranes 2014, 4(1), 96-112; doi:10.3390/membranes4010096
Received: 30 November 2013; in revised form: 19 December 2013 / Accepted: 14 February 2014 / Published: 28 February 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (490 KB) | View HTML Full-text | Download XML Full-text
abstract graphic

Membranes 2013, 3(4), 285-297; doi:10.3390/membranes3040285
Received: 6 August 2013; in revised form: 8 September 2013 / Accepted: 29 September 2013 / Published: 11 October 2013
Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (970 KB) | View HTML Full-text | Download XML Full-text

Membranes 2013, 3(2), 69-86; doi:10.3390/membranes3020069
Received: 27 February 2013; in revised form: 11 April 2013 / Accepted: 28 April 2013 / Published: 14 May 2013
Show/Hide Abstract | Download PDF Full-text (443 KB) | View HTML Full-text | Download XML Full-text
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of Paper: Article
Title:
Membrane Properties for the Effective Recovery in a Membrane Reactor of a Valuable Intermediate Product of Consecutive Reactions
Authors:
G. Camera-Roda 1, A. Cardillo 1, G. Palmisano 2, L. Palmisano 2 and F. Parrino 2
Affiliations:
1 Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Materials Engineering (DICAM), University of Bologna, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Energia, Ingegneria dell’Informazione e Modelli Matematici (DEIM), University of Palermo, Italy
Abstract:
One of the most important results that can be obtained by the integration of reaction and membrane separation in a membrane reactor is a “process intensification”. In the present work, the requirements that the membrane must fulfill to pursue this goal are analyzed and discussed. The application of these principles is illustrated in a case study: the photocatalytic synthesis of vanillin, the most important flavor compound which is used in food, cosmetic and nutraceutical industries. In fact, the recovery from the photocatalytic reactor of the valuable vanillin by means of pervaporation or dialysis while it is produced allows a substantial enhancement of the yield, since its further oxidation is so prevented. The mechanisms of vanillin transport in the polymeric membrane material (polyether block amide) are investigated, since they ultimately affect the performances of the membrane reactor. The results show that unexpectedly the diffusion of vanillin takes place in presence of low concentration gradients of this permeating aldehyde, so that the process is limited by other phenomena.

Type of Paper: Review
Title: A Mechanistic Interpretation of Hydrodynamic Means for Mitigating Membrane Fouling
Authors: B. Madhavan 1, A.M. Al Taweel 1,*, M. Walsh 2, A. Ghanem 1 and H.G. Gomaa 3
Affiliations: 1 Department of Process Engineering and Applied Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax NS, Canada B3J 2X4
2 Department of Civil and Resource Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax NS, Canada B3J 2X4
3 Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Western Ontario, London ON, Canada N6A 5B9
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: al.taweeldal.ca
Abstract: Fouling is by far the major challenge hampering the ability to enhance the performance of membrane separation operations increasingly being used in a wide range of applications (varying from biomedical engineering to wastewater treatment). Unfortunately, each field is developing its own way of solving the problem with limited interdisciplinary communication.
A comprehensive review of the various means available for mitigating the impact of fouling was therefore undertaken (in excess of 300 publications), and the results obtained were analyzed using fundamental mechanistic interpretation. This review revealed that although up to 8-fold increase in filtration flux was obtained by using the hydrodynamic means for mitigating fouling, an additional 5-fold enhancement can be achieved by combining this approach with feed coagulation/flocculation. This is mainly caused by the enhanced cake susceptibility to hydrodynamic shear (the sweep effect) but special attention must be given flocculating the constituents with the largest contribution to fouling.

 

Type of Paper: Review

Title: A Mechanistic Interpretation of Hydrodynamic Means for Mitigating Membrane Fouling

Authors: B. Madhavan 1, A.M. Al Taweel 1,*, M. Walsh 2, A. Ghanem 1 and H.G. Gomaa 3,

Affiliation:

1 Department of Process Engineering and Applied Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax NS, Canada B3J 2X4

2 Department of Civil and Resource Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax NS, Canada B3J 2X4

3 Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Western Ontario, London ON, Canada N6A 5B9

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: al.taweeldal.ca

Abstract:

Fouling is by far the major challenge hampering the ability to enhance the performance of membrane separation operations increasingly being used in a wide range of applications (varying from biomedical engineering to wastewater treatment). Unfortunately, each field is developing its own way of solving the problem with limited interdisciplinary communication.

A comprehensive review of the various means available for mitigating the impact of fouling was therefore undertaken (in excess of 300 publications), and the results obtained were analyzed using fundamental mechanistic interpretation. This review revealed that although up to 8-fold increase in filtration flux was obtained by using the hydrodynamic means for mitigating fouling, an additional 5-fold enhancement can be achieved by combining this approach with feed coagulation/flocculation. This is mainly caused by the enhanced cake susceptibility to hydrodynamic shear (the sweep effect) but special attention must be given flocculating the constituents with the largest contribution to fouling.

Last update: 18 February 2014

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