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Special Issue "Marine Biomimetics"

A special issue of Marine Drugs (ISSN 1660-3397).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 January 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Marcin Wysokowski

Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznań University of Technology, Berdychowo 4, 60965 Poznań, Poland
E-Mail
Interests: marine biomaterials; biominerals; biocomposites; extreme biomimetics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Recent advances in structural biology, biochemistry, biomineralization, genomics, proteomics, and material sciences have resulted in the rapid development of biomimetics as a powerful scientific direction, oriented at solving technological challenges and the development of new nature-inspired technologies. Due to diversity of marine invertebrates and vertebrates, remarkable functional properties of their nano-organized, biomineralized structures seem to be an inexhaustible source of inspiration for modern materials science and biomaterial design. Especially, where there is strong interest in the combination of various inorganic nano-organized structures with biomacromolecules, including self-assembly and templating activity of diverse organic scaffolds. On the other hand, non-mineralized structures like byssus and related DOPA-based polymers are excellent examples for the development of bioinspired-adhesives.

This Special Issue of Marine Drugs will highlight the importance of diverse marine organisms as a renewable source of biopolymers and biocomposite-containing structures which can be used for inspiration in widely-understood modern biomimetics. Bio-inspiration is, not only oriented to the observation of natural structures alone, but also requires a thorough investigation of structure–function relationships in biological materials. Therefore, this Special Issue will collect novel research papers and original reviews focusing on creation of advanced bioinspired technologies inspired by marine organisms.

I am looking forward for your input.

Dr. Marcin Wysokowski
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Marine Drugs is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Chitin

  • Chitosan

  • Collagen

  • Calcification

  • Diatoms

  • Scaffolds

  • Sponges

  • Spongin

  • Biocomposites

  • Biofouling

  • Biopolymers

  • Biomimetics

  • Biomaterials

  • Biosilica

  • Biomineralization

  • Bioadhesives

  • Hydrogels

  • Marine invertebrates

  • Robotics

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle Synthesis of Poly(norbornene-methylamine), a Biomimetic of Chitosan, by Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP)
Mar. Drugs 2017, 15(7), 223; https://doi.org/10.3390/md15070223
Received: 12 June 2017 / Revised: 5 July 2017 / Accepted: 9 July 2017 / Published: 14 July 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (1757 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
ROMP is an effective method for preparing functional polymers due to its having characteristics of “living” polymerization and rapid development of catalysts. In the present work, poly(norbornene-methylamine), a mimic of chitosan, was synthesized via ROMP reaction. The amino-protected product, 5-norbornene-2-(N-methyl)-phthalimide, was
[...] Read more.
ROMP is an effective method for preparing functional polymers due to its having characteristics of “living” polymerization and rapid development of catalysts. In the present work, poly(norbornene-methylamine), a mimic of chitosan, was synthesized via ROMP reaction. The amino-protected product, 5-norbornene-2-(N-methyl)-phthalimide, was prepared by a reaction of 5-norbornene-2-methylamine with phthalic anhydride, which was then subjected to the ROMP reaction in the presence of Hoveyda-Grubbs 2nd catalyst to afford poly(norbornene-(N-methyl)-phthalimide). The target product, poly(norbornene-methylamine), was obtained by deprotection reaction of poly(norbornene-(N-methyl)-phthalimide). The products in each step were characterized by FTIR and 1H-NMR, and their thermal stabilities were determined by TG analysis. The effects of molar ratio between monomer ([M]/[I]) and catalyst on the average relative molecular weight ( M n ¯ ) and molecular weight distribution of the produced polymer products were determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). It was found that the M n ¯ of poly(norbornene-(N-methyl)-phthalimide) was controllable and exhibited a narrow polydispersity index (PDI) (~1.10). The synthesis condition of 5-norbornene-2-(N-methyl)-phthalimide was optimized by determining the yields at different reaction temperatures and reaction times. The highest yield was obtained at a reaction temperature of 130 °C and a reaction time of 20 min. Our work provides a new strategy to synthesize polymers with controllable structures and free –NH2 groups via ROMP. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Biomimetics)
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Review

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Open AccessFeature PaperReview Marine and Freshwater Feedstocks as a Precursor for Nitrogen-Containing Carbons: A Review
Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(5), 142; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16050142
Received: 23 February 2018 / Revised: 18 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 26 April 2018
PDF Full-text (5862 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Marine-derived as well as freshwater feedstock offers important benefits, such as abundance, morphological and structural variety, and the presence of multiple elements, including nitrogen and carbon. Therefore, these renewal resources may be useful for obtaining N- and C-containing materials that can be manufactured
[...] Read more.
Marine-derived as well as freshwater feedstock offers important benefits, such as abundance, morphological and structural variety, and the presence of multiple elements, including nitrogen and carbon. Therefore, these renewal resources may be useful for obtaining N- and C-containing materials that can be manufactured by various methods, such as pyrolysis and hydrothermal processes supported by means of chemical and physical activators. However, every synthesis concept relies on an efficient transfer of nitrogen and carbon from marine/freshwater feedstock to the final product. This paper reviews the advantages of marine feedstock over synthetic and natural but non-marine resources as precursors for the manufacturing of N-doped activated carbons. The manufacturing procedure influences some crucial properties of nitrogen-doped carbon materials, such as pore structure and the chemical composition of the surface. An extensive review is given on the relationship between carbon materials manufacturing from marine feedstock and the elemental content of nitrogen, together with a description of the chemical bonding of nitrogen atoms at the surface. N-doped carbons may serve as effective adsorbents for the removal of pollutants from the gas or liquid phase. Non-recognized areas of adsorption-based applications for nitrogen-doped carbons are presented, too. The paper proves that nitrogen-doped carbon materials belong to most of the prospective electrode materials for electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as fuel cells, air–metal batteries, and supercapacitors, as well as for bioimaging. The reviewed material belongs to the widely understood field of marine biotechnology in relation to marine natural products. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Biomimetics)
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Open AccessReview Marine Spongin: Naturally Prefabricated 3D Scaffold-Based Biomaterial
Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(3), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16030088
Received: 30 January 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 6 March 2018 / Published: 9 March 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (8588 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The biosynthesis, chemistry, structural features and functionality of spongin as a halogenated scleroprotein of keratosan demosponges are still paradigms. This review has the principal goal of providing thorough and comprehensive coverage of spongin as a naturally prefabricated 3D biomaterial with multifaceted applications. The
[...] Read more.
The biosynthesis, chemistry, structural features and functionality of spongin as a halogenated scleroprotein of keratosan demosponges are still paradigms. This review has the principal goal of providing thorough and comprehensive coverage of spongin as a naturally prefabricated 3D biomaterial with multifaceted applications. The history of spongin’s discovery and use in the form of commercial sponges, including their marine farming strategies, have been analyzed and are discussed here. Physicochemical and material properties of spongin-based scaffolds are also presented. The review also focuses on prospects and trends in applications of spongin for technology, materials science and biomedicine. Special attention is paid to applications in tissue engineering, adsorption of dyes and extreme biomimetics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Biomimetics)
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