Special Issue "Philosophy of Information: Views and Reflections on the Work of Luciano Floridi"

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A special issue of Information (ISSN 2078-2489).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2012)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Flávio Soares Corrêa da Silva (Website)

University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Interests: intelligent interactive systems; philosophy of information; multiagent systems; game theory

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Luciano Floridi has devoted his work to the development and dissemination of the notion of Philosophy of Information. His work is clearly of philosophical tone, yet it has the potential of immediate and profound influence on scientific and technological developments related to Information and Communications Technology as a whole. In the present special issue of Information we explore how recent results by Luciano Floridi relate to ongoing research activities in ICT.

Prof. Dr. Flávio Soares Corrêa da Silva
Guest Editor

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Editorial

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Open AccessEditorial Philosophy of Information: Views and Reflections on the Work of Luciano Floridi
Information 2013, 4(1), 31-32; doi:10.3390/info4010031
Received: 17 December 2012 / Accepted: 26 December 2012 / Published: 7 January 2013
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Abstract In this collection of selected articles, we discuss some aspects of the extensive work of Luciano Floridi, with special emphasis on how it relates to and has influenced research work on Computer Science. Full article

Research

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Open AccessArticle Epistemological Levelism and Dynamical Complex Systems: The Case of Crowd Behaviour
Information 2013, 4(1), 75-93; doi:10.3390/info4010075
Received: 19 November 2012 / Revised: 13 December 2012 / Accepted: 7 January 2013 / Published: 15 January 2013
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Abstract
The main aim of this paper is to show how the design and creation of computational models to study and simulate of the behaviour of dynamical complex systems, and in particular crowds of pedestrian, actually implicitly employs elements of a framework introduced [...] Read more.
The main aim of this paper is to show how the design and creation of computational models to study and simulate of the behaviour of dynamical complex systems, and in particular crowds of pedestrian, actually implicitly employs elements of a framework introduced by Luciano Floridi in his paper “The Method of Levels of Abstraction”. The example of the computer based simulation of the complex phenomenon of crowd dynamics and the related knowledge requiring different abstract levels and representation will be introduced in order to show how concepts like observables and system behaviour are commonly employed to compare and evaluate simulation models. Full article
Open AccessArticle On the Predictability of Classical Propositional Logic
Information 2013, 4(1), 60-74; doi:10.3390/info4010060
Received: 17 November 2012 / Revised: 13 December 2012 / Accepted: 31 December 2012 / Published: 14 January 2013
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (965 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In this work we provide a statistical form of empirical analysis of classical propositional logic decision methods called SAT solvers. This work is perceived as an empirical counterpart of a theoretical movement, called the enduring scandal of deduction, that opposes considering Boolean [...] Read more.
In this work we provide a statistical form of empirical analysis of classical propositional logic decision methods called SAT solvers. This work is perceived as an empirical counterpart of a theoretical movement, called the enduring scandal of deduction, that opposes considering Boolean Logic as trivial in any sense. For that, we study the predictability of classical logic, which we take to be the distribution of the runtime of its decision process. We present a series of experiments that determines the run distribution of SAT solvers and discover a varying landscape of distributions, following the known existence of a transition of easy-hard-easy cases of propositional formulas. We find clear distributions for the easy areas and the transitions easy-hard and hard-easy. The hard cases are shown to be hard also for the detection of statistical distributions, indicating that several independent processes may be at play in those cases. Full article
Open AccessArticle Semantic Information and the Trivialization of Logic: Floridi on the Scandal of Deduction
Information 2013, 4(1), 33-59; doi:10.3390/info4010033
Received: 19 November 2012 / Accepted: 27 December 2012 / Published: 11 January 2013
Cited by 5 | PDF Full-text (302 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In this paper we discuss Floridi’s views concerning semantic information in the light of a recent contribution (in collaboration with the present author) [1] that defies the traditional view of deductive reasoning as “analytic” or “tautological” and construes it as an informative, [...] Read more.
In this paper we discuss Floridi’s views concerning semantic information in the light of a recent contribution (in collaboration with the present author) [1] that defies the traditional view of deductive reasoning as “analytic” or “tautological” and construes it as an informative, albeit non-empirical, activity. We argue that this conception paves the way for a more realistic notion of semantic information where the “ideal agents” that are assumed by the standard view can be indefinitely approximated by real ones equipped with growing computational resources. Full article

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