The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these
manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers
submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Complex Abdominal Wall Reconstruction
Authors: Miss S Das Mohapatra DNB, FRCS; Locum Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, St George’s Hospital NHS Trust, London SW17 0QT; E-Mail: email@example.com; Alastair C Windsor MD, FRCS; Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, UCLH, London NW1 2B; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Abdominal wall defects arise as a result of one or more missing component layers of the abdominal wall. A multiplicity of surgical procedures are associated with complex, recurrent abdominal wall defects, which can occur as a result of failed endeavor at previous repair, trauma, infection, radiation, necrosis, or malignancy. In the acute setting post operative open abdominal wound also poses a significant challenge. There has been a balanced increase in availability of a variety of synthetic materials and biological meshes for the repair of such defects. The use of prosthetic materials is now being replaced by the biologic mesh due to the perceived reduction in infection, recurrence and mesh extrusion rates. This review discusses the pros and cons of the currently available reconstruction options for such complex defects in the abdominal wall.
Title: The application of bactericidal silver nanoparticles in wound treatment systems
Authors: Geewoo Nam and Joon Myong Song*
Affiliation: College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South Korea
Abstract:Even with the high level of prevalence of wounds, the medical technology of efficiently managing skin damage is still primitive. Wound healing is a complex and significant process of the human body. An immeasurable number of cellular and chemical actions are involved in the multi-phased restoration. Disruption of any of these processes may present problems for the time-sensitive healing of the skin. Bacterial infection is one of the major obstacles of proper wound healing that may compromise the health of the patient. Thus, the use of antibacterial activity in wound management systems is imperative in keeping the wound bacteria-free. Silver has been used historically to treat wounds for their bactericidal properties to treat wounds. More specifically, Silver nanoparticles have been reported for their enhanced antibacterial activity. This review explores the application of various types of silver nanoparticles in wound treatments.
Title: Restoring Quality of Life for Patients with Infected Acute Wounds
Authors: Linda LL Benskin
Affiliations: Church of Christ Mission Clinic, Yendi, Ghana, and Ferris Mfg. Corp., Fort Worth, TX.
Abstract: Patients with acute wounds may not seek medical assistance until their wounds are severely infected. Keeping the wounds clean, decreasing pain, and a quick return to normal activities are these patients’ primary goals. At our clinic in northern Ghana, we found that polymeric membrane dressings (PMDs) efficiently met these needs. PMDs can provide dramatic pain relief by subduing and focusing the nociceptor response. PMDs’ components work with the body to donate moisture to dry wound areas while absorbing excess exudate. PMDs’ non-toxic cleansing system continuously atraumatically loosens slough from the wound bed, pulling it onto the PMD to be discarded at dressing changes. This process usually keeps wounds clean without routine rinsing. Three example patients are described. After initial cleansing/debriding, an appropriate configuration of PMDs was applied to all exposed surfaces of the wounds. Dressings were simply replaced when saturated, usually without rinsing. All three patients’ wounds healed quickly without return of infection. Managing these infected acute wounds with PMDs allowed us to meet patient quality of life goals: freedom from infection, decreased pain, quick healing, and minimal inconvenience. Because PMDs have a built-in continuous cleansing system, these patients also required very little clinic staff time through complete wound closure.
Keywords: polymeric membrane dressings; PMD; infected; wound; acute; cost; efficient; pain; quality of life; clean
Title: Pressure ulcer in Norway — a snapshot of prevalence across various care settings and recommendations for improved preventive care.
Authors: Johansen1, E., Bakken1, L. and Moore2, Z.
Affiliations: 1 Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Drammen, Norway. 2 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.
Abstract: Pressure ulcers (PU) are common in all care settings although most ulcers are preventable. Much evidence exist on Hospital Acquired Pressure Ulcers (HAPU), however, few studies describe PU in community care. From a Norwegian perspective, little is known about pressure ulcer prevalence and prevention strategies across the variety of healthcare sectors. Therefore, this study explored PU prevalence and preventive care in home care, nursing homes and hospitals. 17 postgraduate wound care students collected data. A data collection instrument by Jordan O’Brien and Cowman was used together with an online forum in which students discussed existing care provision and the potential for improved practice to reduce PU incidence. This study showed that pressure ulcers are a problem across all care settings in Norway; however, considerable geographical variations exist in both prevalence and available preventive care. Therefore, Norwegian patients at risk receive differences in care across institutions and home care districts. Recommendations for improvements are based on the Norwegian Patient Safety Programme. In order to ensure systematic application of quality standards across care settings, several aspects needs further attention, for example the requirement for equipment to be readily available, development of competency among staff and not least, enhanced attention to PU prevention across all care sectors.
Keywords: Pressure ulcer epidemiology, prevalence, prevention, Norway
Title: Development of new polysaccharide-based fibres for moderate to heavy bleeding wounds
Authors: M. Miraftab, I. R. Sweeney and R. Masood
Affiliations: University of Bolton
Keywords: Wound dressings, Alginate, Chitosan, Psyllium
Title: Improving Educational, Clinical and Economic Outcomes by Implementing a Pressure Ulcer Prevention Program (PUPP) at a 560 bed Academic Medical Center in South East, FL
Authors: Amparo Cano, Daniel L. Young, Hope Stamp, Joaquin, Fortunata, Jennifer A. Lopez, Lori Lupe, Stephanie Moss, and Debbie Anglade.
Affiliations: 1University of Miami Hospital, Miami FL; 2Brandon Regional Hospital, Brandon FL; 3University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas NV.
E-Mails: email@example.com; Daniel.Young@unlv.edu; HStamp@med.miami.edu; FJoaquin@med.miami.edu; JLopez13@med.miami.edu; LLupe@med.miami.edu; Stephanie.Moss2@hcahealthcare.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Pressure Ulcers (PUs) in hospitalized patients are a high cost, high impact medical condition that is considered to be reasonably preventable through implementation of evidence-based prevention measures. In the United States alone, (PUs) annually affect 1 to 2.5 million patients, at an estimated cost of $11 billion with a mortality of approximately 60,000 individuals.
There are multiple complications attributed to pressure ulcers, PU-associated sepsis is one of the most significant complications. Studies have shown that for every 10,000 hospital discharges there are 3.5 cases of PU-associated sepsis.
This paper describes results of a comprehensive Pressure Ulcer Prevention Program (PUPP) implemented at a large academic medical center. The success of this PUPP was likely tied to: 1) Implementation of Evidence-Based practice, 2) Evidence-Based product selection, 3) Clinician education.
Keywords: pressure ulcers; sepsis; Pressure Ulcer Prevention Program (PUPP); cost
Title: Access to Medical Grade Compression in the United States for Patients with History of Lower Extremity Venous Disease
Author: Mary Arnold Long
Abstract: Compression is the standard of care for lower extremity venous disease (LEVD). In the United States, medical grade compression is covered by most insurance, including Medicare, only as a treatment for venous leg ulcers (VLUs), not as treatment of LEVD and prevention of VLUs. This article discusses that issue.
Keywords: medical grade compression; lower extremity venous disease (LEVD); venous leg ulcers (LVUs); prevention; cost
Title: Nursing Interventions in the Prevention and cicatrization of ulcer Leg: Systematic Literature Review. Literature Review.
Authors: César Fonseca 1, Manuel Lopes 2, Ana Ramos 3, Vitor Santos 4.
Affiliations: 1. RN, Ph.D. Candidate. Universidade de Évora, Portugal; 2. RN, Ph.D. Universidade de Évora; 3. RN, MSc, North Lisbon Hospital Center; 4. RN, MCs, West Hospital, IberWounds West
Abstract: Objective: To identify the nursing interventions for people with leg ulcers of venous, arterial or mixed. Methodology: Carried out research in the EBSCO search engine: CINAHL Plus with Full Text, MEDLINE with Full Text, MedicLatina, Academic Search Complete, sought full text articles, published between 2008/01/01 and 2015/01/31, with the following keywords: [(MM "leg ulcer") OR (wound care) OR (wound healing)] AND [(nursing) OR (nursing assessment) OR (nursing intervention)], filtered through initial question in PI[C]O format.
Results: The different leg ulcer etiologies require a therapeutic and prophylactic specific approach. Factors were identified that promote healing: individualization of care, interpersonal relationship, pain management, control of exudate, education for self-management, self-care, therapeutic adherence, implementation of guidelines, audit and feedback from practices.
Conclusion: The person-centered care and evidence-based practice increases health outcomes in the prevention and treatment of leg ulcers.
Keywords: Leg ulcer; Nursing Interventions